Wilkomierz, Lithuania: Deutsche Verwaltung im Gebiet des Oberbefehlshabers Ost, 1917. Original document. Staple bound wraps. Sextodecimo. (5 7/8 x 3 1/2"). 8pp. Original blue wraps with German Eagle and black ruling and lettering on cover. Stamp of the Deutsche Verwaltung i. Gebiet d. Oberbefehlshabers Ost printed to back cover, protected by modern mylar. Printed text in German and Yiddish. The front cover with penciled letters and numbers and red note "Umzug angemeldet 9/9 18 (Move applied for). Inside of front cover with printed regulations in German and English. Opposing page with citizen's data: "Paß" No. 1480 issued for Kozhe Garb, born Pelikan, residing in Wilkomierz. Born March 1876 in Wilkomierz. This page is stamped "Verwaltungsgebiet Litauen (Administrative District Litauen). The centerfold with passport photo on the left, stamped at corners and one additional stamp, profession deemed Ehefrau (Wife). The facing page indicates height and an entry for a scar on the left side of the forehead; with print of the index finger at bottom. Page six confirms the identity of Garb, dated February 8, 1917, with signature of the Mayor and stamp of the issuing agency "Verwaltungsgebiet Litauen." Page seven with a handwritten entry for Israel Garb, December 1912, and seven additional handwritten, unidentifiable notes, one of them possibly "deportiert, on May 7, 1919" and two stamps.
Text in German and Yiddish. Very good condition. Item #47711
Jews settled in Wilkomierz in the late 16th century. They built a synagogue and were granted land for a cemetery. By 1766 the town counted 716 Jews and 7,287 by 1897, representing 53% of the towns general population. In 1914 approximately 10,000 Jews lived in Wilkomierz. During W.W.I. Jews were expelled by the Russian authorities with one exception, Dr. Katzenelenbogen, the Jewish army physician, who declined the honor and left with the other Jews. Some were exiled to Russia while others found refuge in Vilna. The atrocities against Jews in Wilkomierz unfolded three days after the beginning of the war between Russia and Germany on June 22, 1941. (See website of the Museum f the Jewish People Beit-Hatfutsot).