Amsterdam: Selomoh Proops, 5477 . First edition. Hardcover. Duodecimo. 6.5x4". 352pp. Original black pebbled leather boards with hinged metal clasps on the covers. Beveled edges. Gilt edges of book block. Marbled endpapers. Title page illustrated with copper-plate engravings. The publication is an early Spanish-language prayer book relating to the traditions of the five Jewish fast days during the year (not including Yom Kippur). These fasts are Tisha B'Av, Fast of Gedalia (Tzom Gedalia), Tenth of Tevet (Asara B'Tevet), Seventeenth of Tammuz (Shiva Asar B'Tammuz) and Fast of Esther (Ta'anit Esther).
This prayer book for fast days was published by Selomoh Proops and seems to follow a series of similar publications in Amsterdam going back to 1630 (Orden de los cinco Tahaniot, pub. Efriam Bueno, Yona Abravanel/Menasseh Ben Israel). This and other publications of Jewish liturgy served members of the then sizable Sephardic Jewish community in Amsterdam. A significant portion of the community would have been ex-Marranos (Jews, who had outwardly converted to Catholicism during the inquisition in Spain, who then immigrated and were able to reestablished their Jewish identity), and thus were unable to read Hebrew, hence the text's publication in Spanish.
The title page is illustrated with a series of highly detailed copper-plate engravings by Joost van Sasse*, with vignettes depicting scenes of famous women from the bible. Biblical women depicted include Eve, Hannah, Miriam and Deborah. Page 38 contains a small engraved vignette. The contents of the book are as follows: Tisha B'Av (p.1-204), Asara B'Tevet (p. 204-257), Ta'anit Esther (p.257-288), Shiva Asar B'Tammuz (p. 288-318), T'zom Gedalia (p.318-352). A small publisher's statement (advertisement) at the very bottom of the final page. All text in Spanish.
Binding with some rubbing, bumping and chipping to the corners. Light smudging to the covers. Cracking along the front hinge of the spine. Lower metal clasp on attached to the back cover is missing. Endpapers loose from interior covers, but sill bound to the book block. The top half of one of the front free endpapers has been cut out. Light sporadic water stains to the text pages throughout, most prominently along the top edge of the pages. Title page water stained. A few pages throughout with some light chipping, small closed tears and/or creasing along the edges/corners. Book block tight. Binding and interior in good condition overall. g. Item #43980
*Joost van Sasse (aka I. van Sasse or J. van Sassen, 1684-1755) was an influential Dutch engraver.
The book includes period notes from the previous owner(s) in French on the front free endpaper, attempting (incorrectly) to calculate the time since the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem. The notes are dated 1736 and later 1762.