Architectural Plans, Drawings, Original Design (Werkbund Paris), Hoffmann Photographs and Various Documents relating to the Munich Residence of Prof. Dr. Gustav Scholten
München: 1930/40s. Loose leaf. Three original architectural plans (21 x 29") of the Scholten house in Munich-Bogenhausen, Pienzenauer Strasse, ground floor, cellar and attic, signed by the architects Roderich Fick and Paul Gedon, June 1937, a working plan of the attic (18 x 31") and an unidentified, original design drawing in color (13 x 18") of a table referencing the Werkbund Exhibition in Paris, 1930.
A general contract to build Scholten's house signed by Paul Gedon (Contractor/architect) and Gustav Scholten (Principal) with Roderich Fick named as the architect for the initial design. Laid into the contract is the architect's bill for the project stating the value of the house to be 80,000 Reichsmark.
There are 20 b/w photographs (9 x 7") showing the luxuriously furnished house with library, wine cellar and living quarters as well as the outside of the house with garden and small swimming pool. All photographs are stamped "Photo-Hoffmann" respectively "Presse Illustrationen Hoffmann..." on verso. In addition three typed and signed letters of the landscape architect Alwin Seifert 1939/40 relating to a dispute between the two regarding damaged trees, correspondence with city departments and the office of finance regarding permits and refinancing.
The collection also contains an alphabetically organized inventory of the library containing app. 1,300 titles, binding defective, an expense register for all purchases related to the house, including furniture, art, e.g from Bernheimer and the Art Auction house Helbing, showing Scholten's frequent participation in their auctions, marble, crafts, and recurrent expenses like electricity, etc., and some one hundred additional invoices and receipts for expenses relating to the house. A representative collection of documents documenting the luxury common in the the upper class during the middle of the 1930s.
Awarding architectural projects to more than one architect at the same time was a common practice during the Third Reich and believed to increase quality by openly engaging competing architects. As a result rivalries developed and often led to delays and complications during the project. Text in German. Plans, drawings, the original Werkbund design, Hoffmann photographs and most of the receipts in very good condition. g to vg. Item #43053
Gustav Scholten was a prominent medical doctor during the Third Reich and good friends with the head of the Nazi Party Chancellery Martin Bormann, the Reich Doctors' Leader Gerhard Wagner and the sculptor Josef Wackerle. Scholten had published a eulogy in the "Münchener Medizinische Wochenschrift" for Gerhard Wagner and Wackerle had designed the tombstone for his grave. Scholten was the principal for the building "Haus der Deutschen Ärzte" built by Roderich Fick. He circulated frequently in the upper Nazi circles in Munich and the Obersalzberg.
Roderick Fick (1886–1955): German architect and Professor for Architecture at the TH Munich was most prominent during the Nazi reign. During the Nazi Regime Fick was best known for his work at Hitler's complex Obersalzberg, at that time one of Hitler's favorite architects. Fick built the Munich residence of Rudolf Hess in 1936 and is best known for his participation in the redesign of the Austrian city of Linz. Fick rejected the modern architecture called "Neues Bauen" and preferring traditional architecture with an emphasis in local and regional traditions with special attention to detail. Due to the lack of opportunities in his early career Fick had enlisted in the colonial service which led him to Cameroon where he worked as engineer and and supervisor for architectural projects in Douala. At the outbreak of W.W.I. he enlisted in the Cameroon Protection Troops which remained in Cameroon until 1941. He was then captured and interned in a camp near Pamplona. During that time he designed the plans for a power plant of the city of Burlada. A design of his for the convent Puente la Reina in the province of Navarra was partially realized. In 1935 he had built the "Haus der Deutschen Ärzte" in Munich. it was located in the immediate neighborhood of the "Brown Haus" and other party buildings and therefore caught the attention of Hitler. In 1937 he joined the NSDAP to further is professional career. After the war Fick was classified as a "follower."
Alwin Seifert (1890–1972): German architect who acquired the skills of a landscape architect in self study. In this capacity he was named Professor at the TH in Munich. In 1933 he became an influential advisor to Fritz Todt, a senior Nazi figure who oversaw the building of the German Autobahn. Despite his affiliation with the Nazis he he continued teaching at the TH in Munich and became the leader of the association "Naturschutz in Bayern (Nature Conservation in Bavaria)." His 1970 publication "Gärtnern, Ackern ohne Gift (Gardening and Farming Without Poison)" is considered to be a major impulse for the Green Movement, a direction he already practiced during the time of the Nazis.