Weimar: Thüringer Volksverlag GmbH, 1945. First edition. Softcover. Octavo. (4) 174pp. Original illustrated orange wraps with black lettering on cover. Report of the International Camp Committee Buchenwald. The foreword by Ernst Busse, one of the important members of the illegal camp committee in Buchenwald, is a bold accusation of the German people and their ignorance in view of the atrocities committed by the Hitler Nazis. An extensive and detailed report on the concentration camp covering its general development, the administration of Buchenwald, its hospital, the working conditions, disciplinary actions, illegal work and resistance, and the last days of Buchenwald, one of the first and largest concentration camps on German soil. Primarily the prisoners were forced to work in local armament factories. Inmates at Buchenwald were Jews, Poles, mentally ill and physically disabled from birth defects, religious and political prisoners, Roma and Sinti, Freemasons, Jehovah's Witnesses, criminals, homosexuals, and prisoners of war. Text in German. Wraps with light wear along edges and spine and rubbed. Block somewhat age-toned. Wraps and interior in overall good+ condition. g+. Item #40773
After the liberation of Buchenwald Busse was appointed executive of the state unemployment agency by the American Military Government. After the Soviet army took over as the occupation army Busse became Minister of the Interior in Thuringia as well as Vice President. Starting in 1946 he was investigated by the SED and, after serving in various political positions, was invited to a meeting with the Soviet Military from which he never returned. In February 1951 Busse was sentenced to life in prison for war crimes. He died in the Special Camp No. 6 Retschnoj in Workuta. In 1990 he was rehabilitated based on findings that his persecution was deemed to be purely the consequence of Stalinist Despotism. Today Buchenwald serves as memorial as well as permanent exhibition and museum.