Leipzig: Sumtu Joh. Friderici Gleditschii, 1718. Hardcover. This appears to be only the third collected edition of Sextus Empiricus [the only Ancient sceptic philosopher whose works have survived], after the 1569 - Paris - edition (Martin leJeune) and the 1621 - Orleans - edition (Petri and Jacobi Chouet). As Bernard Quaritch points out (Bibliopoly), the "rediscovery of Sextus' writing in the sixteenth century had a major impact on Renaissance thought. It is from Sextus that Montaigne derived his motto (...) "what do I know" and (..) it was from Sextus that he borrowed freely in the famous essay, the 'Apologie de Raymond Sebonde', in which he gave fullest expression to his scepticism."
2 works bound in one, with continuous pagination. Folio. (18) 735 (19) pp. Contemporary full leather binding, tooled at edges. Title page in red and black lettering. Illustrated initials. Printers devices. Critical notes in Latin. Includes indexes. Text in Greek and Latin in parallel columns. Two seminal works by renowned Ancient physician and philosopher, Sextus Empiricus (see below), which also represent his oeuvre (all of his surviving works). Sextus Empiricus's three known works are the Outlines of Pyrrhonism, and two distinct works preserved under the same title, Against the Mathematicians (Adversus Mathematicos), one of which is probably incomplete. The first six books of Against the Mathematicians are commonly known as Against the Professors, but each book also has a traditional title Books VII-XI of Against the Mathematicians form an incomplete whole; scholars believe that at least one, but possibly as many as five books, are missing from the beginning of the work. [Source: Public Domain Encyclopedia] Serious age wear to binding, with most of spine missing. Front board loose but present. Binding still tight. Minor tears to edges of free front endpaper and half title, not affecting text. Browning and sporadic foxing, especially at first few pages, mainly at edges, not affecting text. Otherwise clean and tight. In Latin. Binding in fair, book in very good condition. g. Item #19165
On Sectus Empiricus (Source: Encyclopedia Britannica, 11th edition): SEXTUS EMPIRICUS (2nd and 3rd centuries C.E.), physician and philosopher, lived at Alexandria and at Athens. In his medical work he belonged to the " methodical " school (see ASCLEPIADES), as a philosopher, he is the greatest of the later Greek Sceptics. His claim to eminence rests on the facts that he developed and formulated the doctrines of the older Sceptics, and that he handed down a full and, on the whole, an impartial account of the members of his school. His works are two, the Pyrrhonian Hypotyposes and Against the Mathematici (ed. Fabricius, Paris, 1621, and Bekker, Berlin, 1842).