Helmstadii: Apud Chrtistian Frid. Weygand, 1737. Hardcover. 2 volumes in 1 8vo. . 840 pp. Vellum binding with some staining, scuffing and rubbing to boards and spine. Dark page edges. With vignette illustrated title page. Copper engraving to first text page. Great piece of Christian history, written by the "father of Church history" (see below), Johann Lorenz Mosheim. Contains dedication and preface. In Latin. In overall good condition.
Johann Lorenz von Mosheim (1693 – 1755), German Lutheran divine and Church historian. Born at Lubeck on the 9th of October, 1693 or 1694. After studying at the gymnasium of his native place, he entered the University of Kiel (1716), where he took his masters degree in 1718. In 1719 he became assessor in the philosophical faculty at Kiel. His first appearance in the field of literature was in a polemical tract against John Toland, Vindiciae antiquae christianorum disciplinae (1720), which was soon followed by a volume of Observationes sacrae (1721). These works, along with the reputation he had acquired as a lecturer and preacher, secured for him a call to the University of Helmstedt as professor erdinarius in 1723. The Inst itutionum historiae ecclesiasticae libri IV appeared in 1726, and in the same year he was appointed by the duke of Brunswick abbot of Marienthal, to which dignity and emolument the abbacy of Michaelstein was added in the following year.
Mosheim was much consulted by the authorities when the new University of Göttingen was being formed; especially in the framing of the statutes of the theological faculty, and the provisions for making the theologians independent of the ecclesiastical courts. In 1747 he was made chancellor of the university. He died at Göttingen on the 9th of September.
Among his other works were De rebus christianorum ante Constantinum commentarii (1753), Ketzer-Geschichte (2nd ed. 1748), and Sittenlehre der heiligen Schrift (x7~553). His exegetical writings, characterized by learning and good sense, include Cogitationes in N. T. bc. select. (1726), and expositions of I Corinthians (1741) and the two Epistles to Timothy (1755). In. his sermons (Heilige Reden) considerable eloquence is shown, and a mastery of style which justifies the position he held as president of the German Society.
There are two English versions of the Institutes, that of Archibald Maclaine, published in 1764, and that of James Murdock (1832), which is the more correct. Murdock's translation was revised and re-edited by James Seaton Reid in 1848, and by H. L. Hastings in 1892 (Boston), An English translation of the De rebus christianorum was published by Murdock in 1851.
"Mosheim was not only the most learned theologian in the Lutheran Church of his day, he was also one of the first German authors and scholars of his age. His style was pure, elegant, fluent, and felicitous, whether in German or Latin. This esthetic quality was fostered by his early acquaintance with the literature of England, France, and Italy, to which was chiefly due the breadth of view which enabled him so to further the theological science of his day, especially in church history. His Institutiones historia Christiana maiores (Helmstadt, 1739) was intended to be more detailed, but Mosheim finished only the first century. The want was supplied to a certain extent by his Commentarii de rebus Christianorum ante Constantinum Magnum (Helmstadt, 1753 Eng. transl. Commentaries on the Affairs of the Christians.before Constantine the Great.) which is his most mature accomplishment in church history."--N. Bonwetsch in New Schaff-Herzog Enc. Rel. g. Item #8459