Eric Chaim Kline, Bookseller

Eric Chaim Kline, Bookseller
Item #50408 Theodor Herzl and Zionism. "A Light Unto The Nations" / A Collection of Twenty Publications and two Gravures [INCL. "DER JUDENSTAAT FIRST ED. 1/300 - INSCRIBED "ALTNEULAND" AND "DAS NEUE GHETTO" - ORIGINAL LETTER FROM HERZL REGARDING THE NEWSPAPER DIE WELT - THE FIRST 31 ISSUES OF THE ZIONIST NEWSPAPER "DIE WELT" - GRAVURE BY HERMANN STRUCK]. Theodor Herzl.
Theodor Herzl and Zionism. "A Light Unto The Nations" / A Collection of Twenty Publications and two Gravures [INCL. "DER JUDENSTAAT FIRST ED. 1/300 - INSCRIBED "ALTNEULAND" AND "DAS NEUE GHETTO" - ORIGINAL LETTER FROM HERZL REGARDING THE NEWSPAPER DIE WELT - THE FIRST 31 ISSUES OF THE ZIONIST NEWSPAPER "DIE WELT" - GRAVURE BY HERMANN STRUCK]
Theodor Herzl and Zionism. "A Light Unto The Nations" / A Collection of Twenty Publications and two Gravures [INCL. "DER JUDENSTAAT FIRST ED. 1/300 - INSCRIBED "ALTNEULAND" AND "DAS NEUE GHETTO" - ORIGINAL LETTER FROM HERZL REGARDING THE NEWSPAPER DIE WELT - THE FIRST 31 ISSUES OF THE ZIONIST NEWSPAPER "DIE WELT" - GRAVURE BY HERMANN STRUCK]
Theodor Herzl and Zionism. "A Light Unto The Nations" / A Collection of Twenty Publications and two Gravures [INCL. "DER JUDENSTAAT FIRST ED. 1/300 - INSCRIBED "ALTNEULAND" AND "DAS NEUE GHETTO" - ORIGINAL LETTER FROM HERZL REGARDING THE NEWSPAPER DIE WELT - THE FIRST 31 ISSUES OF THE ZIONIST NEWSPAPER "DIE WELT" - GRAVURE BY HERMANN STRUCK]
Theodor Herzl and Zionism. "A Light Unto The Nations" / A Collection of Twenty Publications and two Gravures [INCL. "DER JUDENSTAAT FIRST ED. 1/300 - INSCRIBED "ALTNEULAND" AND "DAS NEUE GHETTO" - ORIGINAL LETTER FROM HERZL REGARDING THE NEWSPAPER DIE WELT - THE FIRST 31 ISSUES OF THE ZIONIST NEWSPAPER "DIE WELT" - GRAVURE BY HERMANN STRUCK]
Theodor Herzl and Zionism. "A Light Unto The Nations" / A Collection of Twenty Publications and two Gravures [INCL. "DER JUDENSTAAT FIRST ED. 1/300 - INSCRIBED "ALTNEULAND" AND "DAS NEUE GHETTO" - ORIGINAL LETTER FROM HERZL REGARDING THE NEWSPAPER DIE WELT - THE FIRST 31 ISSUES OF THE ZIONIST NEWSPAPER "DIE WELT" - GRAVURE BY HERMANN STRUCK]
Theodor Herzl and Zionism. "A Light Unto The Nations" / A Collection of Twenty Publications and two Gravures [INCL. "DER JUDENSTAAT FIRST ED. 1/300 - INSCRIBED "ALTNEULAND" AND "DAS NEUE GHETTO" - ORIGINAL LETTER FROM HERZL REGARDING THE NEWSPAPER DIE WELT - THE FIRST 31 ISSUES OF THE ZIONIST NEWSPAPER "DIE WELT" - GRAVURE BY HERMANN STRUCK]
Theodor Herzl and Zionism. "A Light Unto The Nations" / A Collection of Twenty Publications and two Gravures [INCL. "DER JUDENSTAAT FIRST ED. 1/300 - INSCRIBED "ALTNEULAND" AND "DAS NEUE GHETTO" - ORIGINAL LETTER FROM HERZL REGARDING THE NEWSPAPER DIE WELT - THE FIRST 31 ISSUES OF THE ZIONIST NEWSPAPER "DIE WELT" - GRAVURE BY HERMANN STRUCK]
Theodor Herzl and Zionism. "A Light Unto The Nations" / A Collection of Twenty Publications and two Gravures [INCL. "DER JUDENSTAAT FIRST ED. 1/300 - INSCRIBED "ALTNEULAND" AND "DAS NEUE GHETTO" - ORIGINAL LETTER FROM HERZL REGARDING THE NEWSPAPER DIE WELT - THE FIRST 31 ISSUES OF THE ZIONIST NEWSPAPER "DIE WELT" - GRAVURE BY HERMANN STRUCK]
Theodor Herzl and Zionism. "A Light Unto The Nations" / A Collection of Twenty Publications and two Gravures [INCL. "DER JUDENSTAAT FIRST ED. 1/300 - INSCRIBED "ALTNEULAND" AND "DAS NEUE GHETTO" - ORIGINAL LETTER FROM HERZL REGARDING THE NEWSPAPER DIE WELT - THE FIRST 31 ISSUES OF THE ZIONIST NEWSPAPER "DIE WELT" - GRAVURE BY HERMANN STRUCK]
Theodor Herzl and Zionism. "A Light Unto The Nations" / A Collection of Twenty Publications and two Gravures [INCL. "DER JUDENSTAAT FIRST ED. 1/300 - INSCRIBED "ALTNEULAND" AND "DAS NEUE GHETTO" - ORIGINAL LETTER FROM HERZL REGARDING THE NEWSPAPER DIE WELT - THE FIRST 31 ISSUES OF THE ZIONIST NEWSPAPER "DIE WELT" - GRAVURE BY HERMANN STRUCK]
Theodor Herzl and Zionism. "A Light Unto The Nations" / A Collection of Twenty Publications and two Gravures [INCL. "DER JUDENSTAAT FIRST ED. 1/300 - INSCRIBED "ALTNEULAND" AND "DAS NEUE GHETTO" - ORIGINAL LETTER FROM HERZL REGARDING THE NEWSPAPER DIE WELT - THE FIRST 31 ISSUES OF THE ZIONIST NEWSPAPER "DIE WELT" - GRAVURE BY HERMANN STRUCK]
Theodor Herzl and Zionism. "A Light Unto The Nations" / A Collection of Twenty Publications and two Gravures [INCL. "DER JUDENSTAAT FIRST ED. 1/300 - INSCRIBED "ALTNEULAND" AND "DAS NEUE GHETTO" - ORIGINAL LETTER FROM HERZL REGARDING THE NEWSPAPER DIE WELT - THE FIRST 31 ISSUES OF THE ZIONIST NEWSPAPER "DIE WELT" - GRAVURE BY HERMANN STRUCK]
Theodor Herzl and Zionism. "A Light Unto The Nations" / A Collection of Twenty Publications and two Gravures [INCL. "DER JUDENSTAAT FIRST ED. 1/300 - INSCRIBED "ALTNEULAND" AND "DAS NEUE GHETTO" - ORIGINAL LETTER FROM HERZL REGARDING THE NEWSPAPER DIE WELT - THE FIRST 31 ISSUES OF THE ZIONIST NEWSPAPER "DIE WELT" - GRAVURE BY HERMANN STRUCK]
Theodor Herzl and Zionism. "A Light Unto The Nations" / A Collection of Twenty Publications and two Gravures [INCL. "DER JUDENSTAAT FIRST ED. 1/300 - INSCRIBED "ALTNEULAND" AND "DAS NEUE GHETTO" - ORIGINAL LETTER FROM HERZL REGARDING THE NEWSPAPER DIE WELT - THE FIRST 31 ISSUES OF THE ZIONIST NEWSPAPER "DIE WELT" - GRAVURE BY HERMANN STRUCK]
Theodor Herzl and Zionism. "A Light Unto The Nations" / A Collection of Twenty Publications and two Gravures [INCL. "DER JUDENSTAAT FIRST ED. 1/300 - INSCRIBED "ALTNEULAND" AND "DAS NEUE GHETTO" - ORIGINAL LETTER FROM HERZL REGARDING THE NEWSPAPER DIE WELT - THE FIRST 31 ISSUES OF THE ZIONIST NEWSPAPER "DIE WELT" - GRAVURE BY HERMANN STRUCK]
Theodor Herzl and Zionism. "A Light Unto The Nations" / A Collection of Twenty Publications and two Gravures [INCL. "DER JUDENSTAAT FIRST ED. 1/300 - INSCRIBED "ALTNEULAND" AND "DAS NEUE GHETTO" - ORIGINAL LETTER FROM HERZL REGARDING THE NEWSPAPER DIE WELT - THE FIRST 31 ISSUES OF THE ZIONIST NEWSPAPER "DIE WELT" - GRAVURE BY HERMANN STRUCK]
Theodor Herzl and Zionism. "A Light Unto The Nations" / A Collection of Twenty Publications and two Gravures [INCL. "DER JUDENSTAAT FIRST ED. 1/300 - INSCRIBED "ALTNEULAND" AND "DAS NEUE GHETTO" - ORIGINAL LETTER FROM HERZL REGARDING THE NEWSPAPER DIE WELT - THE FIRST 31 ISSUES OF THE ZIONIST NEWSPAPER "DIE WELT" - GRAVURE BY HERMANN STRUCK]
Theodor Herzl and Zionism. "A Light Unto The Nations" / A Collection of Twenty Publications and two Gravures [INCL. "DER JUDENSTAAT FIRST ED. 1/300 - INSCRIBED "ALTNEULAND" AND "DAS NEUE GHETTO" - ORIGINAL LETTER FROM HERZL REGARDING THE NEWSPAPER DIE WELT - THE FIRST 31 ISSUES OF THE ZIONIST NEWSPAPER "DIE WELT" - GRAVURE BY HERMANN STRUCK]
Theodor Herzl and Zionism. "A Light Unto The Nations" / A Collection of Twenty Publications and two Gravures [INCL. "DER JUDENSTAAT FIRST ED. 1/300 - INSCRIBED "ALTNEULAND" AND "DAS NEUE GHETTO" - ORIGINAL LETTER FROM HERZL REGARDING THE NEWSPAPER DIE WELT - THE FIRST 31 ISSUES OF THE ZIONIST NEWSPAPER "DIE WELT" - GRAVURE BY HERMANN STRUCK]
Theodor Herzl and Zionism. "A Light Unto The Nations" / A Collection of Twenty Publications and two Gravures [INCL. "DER JUDENSTAAT FIRST ED. 1/300 - INSCRIBED "ALTNEULAND" AND "DAS NEUE GHETTO" - ORIGINAL LETTER FROM HERZL REGARDING THE NEWSPAPER DIE WELT - THE FIRST 31 ISSUES OF THE ZIONIST NEWSPAPER "DIE WELT" - GRAVURE BY HERMANN STRUCK]
Theodor Herzl and Zionism. "A Light Unto The Nations" / A Collection of Twenty Publications and two Gravures [INCL. "DER JUDENSTAAT FIRST ED. 1/300 - INSCRIBED "ALTNEULAND" AND "DAS NEUE GHETTO" - ORIGINAL LETTER FROM HERZL REGARDING THE NEWSPAPER DIE WELT - THE FIRST 31 ISSUES OF THE ZIONIST NEWSPAPER "DIE WELT" - GRAVURE BY HERMANN STRUCK]
Theodor Herzl and Zionism. "A Light Unto The Nations" / A Collection of Twenty Publications and two Gravures [INCL. "DER JUDENSTAAT FIRST ED. 1/300 - INSCRIBED "ALTNEULAND" AND "DAS NEUE GHETTO" - ORIGINAL LETTER FROM HERZL REGARDING THE NEWSPAPER DIE WELT - THE FIRST 31 ISSUES OF THE ZIONIST NEWSPAPER "DIE WELT" - GRAVURE BY HERMANN STRUCK]
Theodor Herzl and Zionism. "A Light Unto The Nations" / A Collection of Twenty Publications and two Gravures [INCL. "DER JUDENSTAAT FIRST ED. 1/300 - INSCRIBED "ALTNEULAND" AND "DAS NEUE GHETTO" - ORIGINAL LETTER FROM HERZL REGARDING THE NEWSPAPER DIE WELT - THE FIRST 31 ISSUES OF THE ZIONIST NEWSPAPER "DIE WELT" - GRAVURE BY HERMANN STRUCK]

Theodor Herzl and Zionism. "A Light Unto The Nations" / A Collection of Twenty Publications and two Gravures [INCL. "DER JUDENSTAAT FIRST ED. 1/300 - INSCRIBED "ALTNEULAND" AND "DAS NEUE GHETTO" - ORIGINAL LETTER FROM HERZL REGARDING THE NEWSPAPER DIE WELT - THE FIRST 31 ISSUES OF THE ZIONIST NEWSPAPER "DIE WELT" - GRAVURE BY HERMANN STRUCK]

1. Herzl, Theodor. Der Judenstaat. Versuch einer Modernen Lösung der Judenfrage [BOUND WITH] Die Entwicklung des altisraelitischen Priesterthums [AND] Ueber die Prinzipien der jüdischen Reformgemeinde zu Berlin [AND] Thierschutz im Judenthume nach Bibel und Talmud. Leipzig & Wien: M. Breitenstein's Verlags-Buchhandlung, 1896. Large Octavo. 86pp. Bound in brown half-leather over marbled boards with handwritten title on paper label of spine, protected by modern mylar. Housed in modern three-quarter black leather over blue cloth with decorative gilt ruling on covers, gilt lettering, tooling and ruling on spine; raised bands. Inside of clamshell box lined with gray felt. Light brown endpapers. Our copy is part of the very first run of 300 copies, identified by the printer's device at the end of the text showing a flower pointing to the left. The second edition of the same year, an edition of 3,000, contains two flowers pointing in opposite directions. Decorative headpieces and initials.

The seminal work by the founding father of modern Zionism, proposing a modern solution to the Jewish question and calling for the founding of an independent Jewish state. Originally published in German, February 14, 1896, then in English and French. "From October 1891 to July 1895 Herzl was the Paris correspondent of the Vienna Neue Freie Presse, the influential liberal newspaper of the time... The growth of anti-Semitism in France stirred Herzl's interest in the Jewish problem, and an article by him on the subject of French anti-Semitism appeared in the Neue Freie Presse as early as August 1892." (Encyclopedia Judaica). In the Fall of 1894 Herzl wrote the drama Das Ghetto (later renamed Das Neue Ghetto). Here Herzl sought to describe the Jewish problem for the theater stage and raise public consciousness and create active discussion. This move is considered the beginning of a new approach to the Jewish problem.

"The Dreyfus Case led Herzl to draw his final conclusions. He attended the trial as the Neue Freie Presse correspondent and was a witness to the riotous behavior of the Parisian mob when the innocent Jewish officer was publicly humiliated in a ceremony (breaking his sword) stripping him of his military rank, January 5, 1895. The shouts of "Death to the Jews" ringing in his ears, Herzl became convinced that the only solution was the mass exodus of the Jews from their present places of residence, infested by anti-Semitism, and their resettlement in a territory of their own." (Ditto). Convincing Baron Maurice de Hirsch of his cause, one of the greatest Jewish philanthropists of the time, took some doing. Herzl modified his presentation to de Hirsch producing numerous notes in the process. "These notes became the first draft of Der Judenstaat, which Herzl completed on June 17, 1895. In his diary (which he began at the time of his interviews with de Hirsch and kept up until his death), the draft appears as an "Address to the Rothschilds," or "To the Family Council."" (Ditto). In July of 1895 Herzl returned to Vienna to become editor of the literary section for the Neue Freie Presse. Following a number of meetings with Jewish dignitaries Herzl concluded that publishing his plan was the way to go. He revised the style and content of the "Address to the Rothschilds," broadening the scope and adding a few new conclusions.

Published by M. Breitenstein in Leipzig and Vienna in German, February 14, 1896, the English translation by Sylvie D'Avigdor was published in the same year by David Nutt in London. The 1896 French translation L'État des Juifs was published first in the "Nouvelle Revue Internationale" before it was publish in book form. Two Russian editions translated by B. Ben-Zev, printed in St. Petersburg and Odessa, a Romanian edition published by Botosani, Goldsleger & Co., and the Hebrew edition, often referred to as a Yiddish edition but actually a transliteration of the original German into Hebrew characters, were also published in the same year. The American edition was published in 1904 by The Maccabaen Publishing Company in New York.

Initially received with mixed reactions among the Jewish people Herzl succeeded in becoming the leader of the proponents of his plan and what was henceforth called the Zionist Movement. At the conclusion of the first Zionist Congress, held in Basel from August 29–31, 1897, 206 delegates from all over the world adopted the program of the Zionist movement, known as the Basel Program. "During the First World War two Jews of Polish origin, Dr. Chaim Weizmann and Naham Sokoloff, approached British politicians on the problem. This resulted in the historic 'Balfour Declaration' of 2 November 1917, in which Lord Balfour, then Prime Minister, promised support for the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine. Later all allied nations agreed to it in principle; but the political complications were formidable and Arab objections persistent, so that it was not until 14 May 1948 that the State of Israel was finally established." (PMM, 381).

Herzl was very attached to the project of finding a solution to the Jewish question, and by extension the concept as laid out in the Jewish State. "He never forgot the room in which he wrote the Jewish State: 'I return to it moved by a feeling of reverence.' One day spent in the peace of the English countryside with Alfred Austin, the poet laureate, won him to the belief on the height of English civilization. There was, therefore, a world of feeling in his tense sentence, "There are Jews everywhere - but nowhere are they allowed to be at home." (Jacob de Haas, Theodor Herzl, p. 77).

Laid in covers only of pamphlet with regulation of Bezalel-Toles-Hamachov in Bucharest. Text in German. Binding with light wear along edges, small chip at top of front cover, paper label browned. Title page age-toned.

[BOUND WITH]

Die Entwicklung des altisraelitischen Priesterthums. Ein Beitrag zur Kritik der mittleren Bücher des Pentateuchs (The Development of the Old Israelite Priesthood. A Contribution to the Critique of the Middle Books of the Pentateuch). By Dr. S. Maybaum, Breslau. Verlag von Wilhelm Koebner. 1880. First edition. 126 (1)pp. Text in German. Minor staining of title and last page.

[BOUND WITH]

Ueber die Prinzipien der jüdischen Reformgemeinde zu Berlin. Ein Wort der Erinnerung am 20. Jahrestage des Aurufes vom 2. April 1845 (On the Principles of the Jewish Reform Parish at Berlin. Words of Remembrance on the 20th Anniversary of the Appeal of April 2, 1845). By A. Bernstein. A manuscript for friends. Berlin. Printed by Julius Sittenfeld. 1865. 40pp. Text in German, Gothic script. Light foxing of first and last few pages. Few pencil marking in margins.

[BOUND WITH]

Thierschutz im Judenthume nach Bibel und Talmud (Animal Protection in Judaism according to Bible and Talmud). By Albert Löw. Budapest. Buchdruckerei F. Buschmann. 1890. First edition. 36 (3)pp. Paper lightly browned. vg. Hardcover. (50034)


2. Herzl, Theodor. Altneuland [INSCRIBED]. Leipzig: Hermann Seemann Nachfolger, 1902. Third edition. Presentation copy inscribed in the year of publication "Dem Zionisten Heinrich Steiner 11 X 1902 Th. Herzl" at top of title page. Octavo. 343 (5)pp. Recased color-illustrated wraps with black lettering on cover, expertly laid to stiff tan paper with some loss of original front cover along edges, minor loss of framed illustration only, lacking original spine and the back cover, here plain tan paper, protected by folded stiff plain gray paper; housed in tan cloth custom clamshell box with double-framed black lettering on paper label on spine. Spine and back cover are plain. The inside front cover repaired as front cover without loss of text of publisher's advertisements. Four pages of publisher's advertisements at rear, as front covers without loss of text.

Herzl's Zionist novel Altneuland (Old New Land) was first published in October 1902. Here Herzl pictures the future Jewish state as a socialist utopia, envisioning a new society in the land of Israel on a cooperative basis, utilizing science and technology in developing the land. Set in Haifa the novel includes detailed ideas about the future state's political structure, it's immigration policies, the fund raising, social laws as well as diplomatic relations and those between religion and state. Herzl sets the stakes high! He foresees the new Jewish State as a pluralist, advanced society, "A Light unto the Nations," with tolerance as the basic principle. In this utopian society Herzl imagines complete harmony between Jews and Arabs with both cultures enriching the other.

The impulse towards writing this book came during his visit to Palestine in 1898. Herzl was confident that the Jewish people could create a successful nation, they just needed to be shaken out of their deep stupor. He had reasoned that a good mode to accomplish this task might be to tell a "fairy tale of the days to come" but eventually sided with novel as the more effective vehicle. At the end of Altneuland Herzl reveals the motto for this undertaking: "If you will it, it is no dream... but if you do not will it, then it remains a dream which I have recited. Dream and action are not as widely separated as many believe. All the acts of men were dreams at first and became dreams again."

Though there were distractors, the novel had great impact on the Jews of the time. It became a symbol for the Zionist vision of the rebirth of the Jewish state. "As a thinker, Herzl succeeded in arriving at a clear and profound analysis of the Jewish problem. In "Der Judenstaat" and even more in "Altneuland"... he foresaw future events in the history of the Jewish people" (Encyclopedia Judaica, vol. 8, page 420).

Heinrich York Steiner, himself a prominent Zionist, publicist and author, was the recipient of this presentation copy. Steiner participated in all phases of early Zionist activity and was instrumental in convening the First Zionist Congress as well as conceptualizing and organizing the publication of "Die Welt," the newspaper that became the official organ of the World Zionist Organization (Encyclopedia Judaica, vol. 16). Text in German, Gothic script. Very good condition.. Softcover. (49807)


3. Herzl, Theodor. Das neue Ghetto. Schauspiel in 4 Acten (The New Ghetto. Play in 4 Acts) [INSCRIBED TO HEINRICH STEINER]. Wien: Verlag Der "Welt", 1897. First edition. Presentation copy inscribed in the year of publication to "Herrn Heinrich Steiner zur freundlichen Erinnerung Th. Herzl" on verso of title page. Octavo. 100pp. Original printed wraps, expertly restored and conserved, protected with modern handmade turquoise, watermarked dustjacket; housed in tan cloth custom clamshell box with framed black lettering on paper label of spine,
inside lined with turquoise paper as above.
Das Neue Ghetto was Herzl's only play, of about 15, that featured Jewish characters. Written in 1894, the play was first staged in 1898, with Sigmund Freud attending. It was in this play that Herzl expressed his change of mind away from assimilation of Jewish people to emancipation for the first time.

The play was well received in Vienna circles, including Max Nordau and Sigmund Freud, the latter referencing the influence of Herzl's play on him in his famous book Interpretation of Dreams, published in 1900.

Some consider Das Neue Ghetto to be one of Herzl's best plays, if not the best. During his time in Paris, as a correspondent for the Vienna newspaper Neue Freie Presse, Herzl had undergone a change of mind, dismissing his ideas of assimilation in favor of emancipation of the Jews. During the Alfred Dryfus affair Herzl had witnessed crowds demonstrating and shouting "Death to the Jews." Herzl wrote this play within three weeks, clearly signaling his change of mind from assimilation of the Jews to emancipation as the goal for the Jewish people.

"As a thinker, Herzl succeeded in arriving at a clear and profound analysis of the Jewish problem. In "Der Judenstaat" and even more in "Altneuland"... he foresaw future events in the history of the Jewish people" (Encyclopedia Judaica, vol. 8, page 420).

Text in German. Covers and three pages at rear expertly repaired with some loss along edges of covers, back cover with 2 x 1 3/4" chip at bottom near spine. Covers rubbed, block lightly age-toned. Goo to very good condition. Softcover. (49808)


4. Herzl, Theodor et al (Staff). Die Welt. Erster Jahrgang. June 4 to December 31, 1897. [COMPLETE RUN OF THE FIRST 31 ISSUES]. Wien: Die Welt, 1897. First edition. Folio. 16pp. each except No. 14 with 20pp. Bound in contemporary gray illustrated cloth with gilt Star of David and lettering on cover, gilt lettering and black tooling on spine, protected by modern mylar. This collection contains the first thirty-one issues of the Zionist periodical on newsprint, each with original yellow printed cover sheet.

The Zionist weekly "Die Welt" became the official organ of the World Zionist Organization in 1903, from the Fifth Zionist Congress on. It had been founded and was privately financed by Theodor Herzl in Vienna in 1897. The first issue was published on June 4th, 1897, predating the First Zionist Congress by some three and a half months. Die Welt was the first Zionist periodical and was published from 1897 through 1914.

Scarcely illustrated the periodical "published reports on Jewish and Zionist events, fought anti-Semitism and assimilation, and demanded improvements in the Jewish life of the Diaspora and Erez Israel" (Encyclopedia Judaica) and Hebrew and Yiddish literature in translation. Theodor Herzl in his first editorial, headlined "Programm," writes: "Our weekly is a paper for Jews (Judenblatt). We take this word, meant to be a curse word, and want to change it to become a word of honor... Die Welt will be the organ of those men who wish to lead the Jewish people onward from this era into better times."

The ambitious weekly, in the first year of publication, covered the lead-up to and the First Zionist Congress, 1897 in Basel, extensively. The September 3rd issue in 1897 included the Z. Lubinski editorial "Der Zionisten-Congress in Basel," subtitled 'A Historic Moment,' the speeches of

Theodor Herzl and Max Nordau from the first day, the second day of the Congress, including the response of the Basel press, and the third day.
Over the course of the publication's existence editors and contributors to the weekly included Martin Buber, Bertold Feiwel, Jacob Klatzkin, S. R. Landau, Isidor Marmorek, Max Nordau, A. H. Reich, Erwin Rosenberger, Isidor Schalit, Nahum Sokolow, Julius Uprimny, Siegmund Werner and Moritz Zobel, among many others. Text in German, Gothic script. Binding with some rubbing, extensive at spine, and light staining. Block somewhat age-toned with some damp-staining and light foxing. Good to very good condition. Hardcover. (49811)

5. Herzl, Theodor. Original Letter from Theodor Herzl, Requesting Additional Financial Support for the Vernacular Edition of "Die Welt" [SIGNED]. Vienna, 1901. 8.5x11". Carbon copied letter (in blue ink) from Theodor Herzl to an unnamed colleague, asking for financial (or material) support for the continued publication of the vernacular edition of his leading German-language Zionist Newspaper "Die Welt" (The World). The document is signed at the bottom by both Herzl, and Oser Kokesch (1859-1905), the Secretary of the Zionist Organization. Considering that the fact the letter does not name a specific recipient, and simply states "Very dear colleague!" as a header, it can be guessed that this is one of a number of such signed letters sent to various potential benefactors and supporters, in the Zionist Organization's attempt to raise additional money, resources, and/or public awareness required for the producing of vernacular editions of the newspaper.

The letter mentions the "Jargonausgabe" (meaning vernacular edition), which can be seen as a reference to the short-lived Yiddish-language edition of the paper, known to have been published from 1899-1900, but also to any other language editions, including Hebrew, and a specifically mentioned Russian edition. In the letter, Herzl, the newspaper's edition and publisher, specifically discusses the need for and the effectiveness of the printing of the non-German editions, in the goal of reaching those of other nationalities and/or social classes. In fact among the largest Zionist support came from the masses of lower class Eastern European Jews who could not read German. An insightful and important piece of Zionist history.

Translation of the content:

"March 3rd, 1901
Very dear colleague!
You are aware that the idea for the vernacular edition of the "Welt" arose from the need to connect with those social classes that could not be reached with the German "Welt". It was absolutely necessary to create a journal that reliably and loyally reported about Zionist events and Zionist needs. Just as the agitation for a bank came out of the German "Welt", the vernacular Welt should become an official bulletin of the Zionist Organization. It has fulfilled this purpose excellently so far, even if such great motivation does not yet exist. For this reason, some like-minded individuals have recently taken upon themselves the material requirement [of the journal]. However, these requirements grow from day to day. For instance, the Russians complained that the paper is not written in the Russian dialect. The editor immediately engaged Mr. Rosenfeld*, who despite the fact that the budget cannot support a greater burden, obtained the most outstanding vernacular writers for the Welt at our behest.
It does not become the dignity of our party, nor is it in the party's interests, that the Zionist needs are left to a few like-minded individuals without any kind of support. We must at least demand that our spokesmen energetically undertake the moral agitation for the vernacular Welt as we have always done in similar situations. We ask you both urgently and politely to immediately begin this agitation. The value of reliable journals will increase significantly once the practical successes of our efforts become evident. With Zion's Greetings, respectfully on behalf of the action committee,
Herzl, Kokesch".
Text in German. Paper with a few minor smudges, a horizontal folding crease at center, and two hole-punches along the left margin, one of which has been reinforced with a small piece of clear tape. In very good condition overall. Protected in a modern mylar sleeve. Housed in a manila folder. vg. Loose leaf.

*It can be assumed, given the context, that the "Mr. Rosenfeld" referred to in the letter, is Morris Rosenfeld (1862-1923), the Yiddish publisher, poet and Zionist activist. He is known to have been a delegate at the fourth Zionist Congress, held in London (1900).

Note: OCLC record number 897485937 for ... Welt (Vienna, Austria) Yiddish; Welt; ?el? e?spres; ?el? aun ?ul?ur; ?el? (Vilkaviškis, Lithuania); ?eg (Warsaw, Poland); ?okh (Vilna, Poland).

A Yiddish publication of the same name (Die Welt) appeared for about a year (1899-1900)."--cf. Encyclopaedia Judaica, 2nd edition, volume 21, p. 9./ Founded and largely edited by Theodor Herzl, who stayed anonymous to avoid a conflict with his employers at the Neue Freie Presse. Edited by S.R. Landau, S. Werner (Oct. 8, 1897-), Erwin Rosenberger (until June 1900), Isidor Marmorek (until Dec. 1900) and B. Feiwel (until July 1901)--cf. Encyclopaedia Judaica, 2nd edition, volume 21, p. 8./ (48033)


6. n/a. Official Minutes of the First, Stenographic Minutes of the Second and Third Zionist Congress. 1897, 1898, 1899. 3 Vols. Bound In One. Wien: Verlag des Vereines "Erez Israel", 1897, 1898, 1899. First edition. Octavo. 192, 257 (1), 262 (1)pp. Bound in three-quarter brown cloth over marbled boards, protected by modern mylar, housed in black half-leather custom clamshell box over black cloth with gilt lettering on spine. Missing title page of first Zionist Congress in Basel; copy of title page laid in.

Three volumes bound in one containing the official protocol of the First Zionist Congress in Basel, 1897, including the opening address by Theodor Herzl, addresses by Max Nordau, A. Salz, Alexander Mintz, Nathan Birnbaum and others. Contains protocol of the morning sessions of all three days.

The stenographic protocol of the II. Zionist-Congress in 1898, with decorative headpiece, contains addresses by Theodor Herzl, Max Nordau, Chief Rabbi Dr. Gaster, Rabbi Dr. Ehrenpreis and others. Contains appendix with bylaws and list of names and organizations of attendees from twenty-one countries.

The stenographic protocol of the III. Zionist-Congress in 1899, with decorative headpiece, contains addresses by Theodor Herzl, Dr. Gaster, Max Nordau, Dr. Mandelstamm and others. Appendix with bylaws and organization statutes, and list of names and organizations as in volume of second congress. Text in German. Light wear along edges of binding, few pencil marking in first pages of First Congress and block lightly age-toned. Very good condition. Hardcover. (49814)


7. Herzl, Theodor. Der Baseler Congress. Wien: Verlag der "Welt", 1897. First edition. Octavo. 22pp. Rebound in three-quarter cloth over blue cloth with gilt lettering on spine. Laid in a color photo copy of original, reduced in size. Publisher's device on title page.

Theodor Herzl, "the spiritual father of the Jewish State," as he is referred to in the Israeli Declaration of Independence, convened the First Zionist Congress in Basel from August 29-31, 1897, in Basel. On September 3, 1897, Herzl writes: "At Basel I founded the Jewish State. If I said this out loud today, l would be greeted by universal laughter. In five years perhaps, and certainly in fifty years, everyone will perceive it."

It was in Basel and subsequent Zionist congresses, where the institutions that would become the basic structure of the future State of Israel were formed. The so-called Basel Program stated: "Zionism aims at establishing for the Jewish people a publicly and legally assured home in Palestine." The means to achieve this goal were delineated in the program though it took a little more than fifty years to establish Israel on May 15, 1948. About 200 delegates attended the congress. Herzl became the first president of the World Zionist Organization established at the congress.

In "The Baseler Congress" Herzl elaborates on the significance of and the ramifications of the program established by the congress: The promotion of the settlement of Jewish agriculturists, artisans, tradesmen and manufacturers in Palestine. The organization and uniting of all Jews by means of appropriate local and international institutions, in accordance with the laws of the various countries. The strengthening and fostering of Jewish national sentiment and national consciousness. Preparatory steps toward obtaining the consent of governments, where necessary, to achieve the Zionist purpose. (Program of the Baseler Congress). Text in German. Light sunning along edges of block. Very good condition. Hardcover. (49809)


8. Herzl, Theodor. Sechs Kongressreden [LIMITED EDITION]. Leipzig: Zionistische Ortsgruppe Leipzig, 1924. First edition. 224/400. Quarto. 81 (1)pp. Original tan paper-covered boards with gilt lettering on cover and spine; protected by modern mylar.

Contains six addresses by Herzl's. First the opening address at the first Zionist Congress and addresses given at the following two Basel Congresses in 1898 and 1899, the fourth Zionist Congress in London in 1900, and Herzl's addresses at the fifth, in 1901, and the sixth congress in Basel in 1903

The publication was issued by the Zionist Group in Leipzig on the occasion of the 10th anniversary of Theodor Herzl's death and in honor of the Congress of the German Zionists on June 15, 1914 in Leipzig. Text in German. Binding with light wear along edges and some rubbing and light staining of front cover. Block lightly age-toned. Very good condition. Hardcover. (50063)


9. Herzl, Theodor; Nellie Straus (Translation); Saul J. Cohen (Introduction). The Congress Addresses of Theodor Herzl. New York: Federation of American Zionists, 1917. First edition. Octavo. 40pp. Bound in brown pebbled buckram, protected by modern mylar. Frontispiece portrait photograph tipped in, with Herzl's facsimile signature. Herzl's addresses at Zionist Congresses were presented here in English translation for the first time. "...the important state papers presented here, addressed not merely to the Zionist delegates and to the rulers of the gentile world, but also to the Jews of all time, still express the essential thoughts and breathe the true spirit of Zionism today, and he who would know the aspirations of Zionism must drink deep at the clear source." (Cohen).

The publication includes Herzl's addresses from August 29th, 1897, August 28th, 1898, August 15th, 1899, August 13th, 1900, December 26th, 1901, and August 23rd, 1903. Contains two pages with notes relating to Herzl's addresses of the first six Zionist Congresses, all held in Basel. Spine with two chips and one closed crack. Stamp of David Freeman on inside front cover, previous owner's name inked, dated 1934, to front free endpaper. Text with title lines of each address underlined in red and numerous pencil underlining and markings in margins. Endpapers with some damp-staining. Title page with few small ink traces. Good condition. Hardcover. (49810)


10. Herzl, Theodor. Das neue Ghetto (The New Ghetto). Wien: Buchdruckerei "Industrie" – Selbstverlag, 1903. First trade edition. Octavo. (4) 100pp. Original tan pebbled cloth with gilt lettering and publisher's device with blind-stamped frame on cover; protected by modern mylar. Publisher's imprint on paper label glued to bottom of title page.

Das Neue Ghetto was Herzl's only play, of about 15, that featured Jewish characters. Written in 1894, the play was first staged in 1898, with Sigmund Freud attending. It was in this play that Herzl expressed his change of mind away from assimilation of Jewish people to emancipation for the first time.

The play was well received in Vienna circles, including Max Nordau and Sigmund Freud, the latter referencing the influence of Herzl's play on him in his famous book Interpretation of Dreams, published in 1900.

Some consider Das Neue Ghetto to be one of Herzl's best plays, if not the best. During his time in Paris, as a correspondent for the Vienna newspaper Neue Freie Presse, Herzl had undergone a change of mind, dismissing his ideas of assimilation in favor of emancipation of the Jews.. During the Alfred Dryfus affair Herzl had witnessed crowds demonstrating and shouting "Death to the Jews." Herzl wrote this play within three weeks, clearly signaling his change of mind from assimilation of the Jews to emancipation as the goal for the Jewish people.

"As a thinker, Herzl succeeded in arriving at a clear and profound analysis of the Jewish problem. In "Der Judenstaat" and even more in "Altneuland"... he foresaw future events in the history of the Jewish people" (Encyclopedia Judaica, vol. 8, page 420).

Text in German. Binding with light wear along edges, lightly rubbed and small stain on front cover near foredge with very light streak diagonally descending on cover. Black somewhat age-toned. Inscription of previous owner on front free endpaper. (50067)


11. Herzl, Theodor. Feuilletons. 2 Vols. Wien und Leipzig: Wiener Verlag, 1904. First edition. Octavo. vi (ii) 351, vi (ii), 295pp. Original brown wraps with black lettering on cover, adorned with gilt laurel, black lettering on spines; protected by modern mylar. Two volumes of Herzl's journalistic works on a variety of subject matters. Volume one contains writings on children, comedies, the Vienna atmosphere and books. Volume two covers droll stories of local reporters, reports of Herzl's days in Paris, Herzl's travels, and a few philosophical stories. Text in German. Wraps with light wear along edges and lightly rubbed. Contains inscription to J. Stössler on his birthday, signed by Heinrich Alperin, Abraham Beck and an unidentified congratulator, dated Vienna 1905. Very good condition. Softcover. (50065)

12. Herzl, Theodor. Das Palais Bourbon. Bilder aus dem französischen Parlamentsleben (Palais Bourbon. Pictures from Life in the French Parliament). Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, 1895. First edition. Large Octavo. (8) 251 (1)pp. Original tan wraps with framed black lettering and publisher's device on cover, black lettering on spine. Publisher's device on title page. Decorative initials.

Reports about the French Parliament based on four years of work as a correspondent for the Neue Freie Presse in Vienna. A collection of daily essays edited by Herzl himself: 'Only in France did I try to understand the Palais Bourbon - and only in the Palais Bourbon to understand France.' Four essays reflect his coverage of the elections in 1893, part one, and seventeen essays on various aspects of French politics in part two.

Text in German, Gothic script. Wraps with some wear along edges, small chips and , spine mostly chipped, back cover loose but present. Previous owner's name inked to top of title page. Block lightly age-toned. Wraps in good- to fair, interior in very good condition. Fair to very good condition. Softcover. (50068)


13. Herzl, Theodor. Altneuland. Leipzig: Hermann Seemann Nachfolger, 1902. Second edition. Octavo. (4) 343 (5)pp. Original color-illustrated turquoise cloth with blue lettering on cover and spine; protected by modern mylar. Red edges. Laid in German postcard with printed postage laid in. Light brown endpapers. Title page with decorative initial and publisher's device.

Herzl's Zionist novel Altneuland (Old New Land) was first published in October 1902. Here Herzl pictures the future Jewish state as a socialist utopia, envisioning a new society in the land of Israel on a cooperative basis, utilizing science and technology in developing the land. Set in Haifa the novel includes detailed ideas about the future state's political structure, it's immigration policies, the fund raising, social laws as well as diplomatic relations and those between religion and state. Herzl sets the stakes high! He foresees the new Jewish State as a pluralist, advanced society, "A Light unto the Nations," with tolerance as the basic principle. In this utopian society Herzl imagines complete harmony between Jews and Arabs with both cultures enriching the other.

The impulse towards writing this book came during his visit to Palestine in 1898. Herzl was confident that the Jewish people could create a successful nation, they just needed to be shaken out of their deep stupor. He had reasoned that a good mode to accomplish this task might be to tell a "fairy tale of the days to come" but eventually sided with novel as the more effective vehicle. At the end of Altneuland Herzl reveals the motto for this undertaking: "If you will it, it is no dream... but if you do not will it, then it remains a dream which I have recited. Dream and action are not as widely separated as many believe. All the acts of men were dreams at first and became dreams again."

Though there were distractors, the novel had great impact on the Jews of the time. It became a symbol for the Zionist vision of the rebirth of the Jewish state. "As a thinker, Herzl succeeded in arriving at a clear and profound analysis of the Jewish problem. In "Der Judenstaat" and even more in "Altneuland"... he foresaw future events in the history of the Jewish people" (Encyclopedia Judaica, vol. 8, page 420).

Text in German, Gothic script. Binding with very light wear along edges. Dealer sticker on inside front cover, upper foredge. Block age-toned. Good+ to very good condition. Hardcover. (50064)

14. Herzl, Theodor. Theodor Herzl on the Twenty-fifth Anniversary of his Death. London: English Zionist Federation, 1929. First edition. Quarto. 19 (1)pp., frontispiece. Original light blue stiff wraps with black lettering on cover; protected by modern mylar. Frontispiece portrait photograph of Herzl. Contains a foreword by Dr. Chaim Weizmann, a biographical sketch of Theodor Herzl by Paul Goodman and Herzl's opening address at the Fourth Zionist Congress, held in London on August 13th, 1900.

Laid in small flyer of the English Zionist Federation announcing a Herzl Demonstration to commemorate the 25th anniversary of Theodor Herzl's death at Kingsway Hall, Kingsway. The speakers for this event are Herbert Samuel, Nahum Sokolow, Stephen Wise, Joseph Cowen and J. K. Goldbloom. Covers with some foxing, minimal on title page. Covers in good, interior in very good condition. Good to very good condition.. Softcover. (50062)


15. Herzl, Theodor. Unser Kätchen. Lustspiel in 4 Akten (Our Katy). Wien. Buchdruckerei "Industrie" (Self-published). 1899. First Thousand. Octavo. (4) 142pp. Original tan wraps with black lettering and decor on cover, bound in green quarter cloth over gray boards with black lettering on paper label of spine. When first staged in 1899 at the Deutsche Volkstheater in Vienna the play was well received. Text in German, Gothic script. Front wrapper pasted to stiff paper with two small and two medium chips along edges and age-toned, back cover missing. Paper label on outside cover with some chipping and front cover one and a half inch light brown vertical strip. Original back cover missing. Small sticker on inside back board. Block in good condition, lightly age-toned.


16. Herzl, Theodor. Philosophische Erzählungen (Philosophical Tales). Berlin. Gebrüder Paetel. 1900. First edition. Octavo. (4) 244 (8)pp. Original textured tan stiff wraps with lettering and décor in red-brown on cover, lettering on spine. Publisher’s device on title page. Collection of seventeen short tales, including “Solon in Lydien (Solon in Lydia), Das lenkbare Luftschiff (Dirigible), Sarah Holzmann, Pygmalion, Der Aufruhr von Amalfi (The Turmoil of Almalfi), and others. Contain eight pages of publishers edvertisements at rear. Text in German, Gothic script. Light wear along edges of wrappers, except a four inch closed tear at back and front cover near spine, some foxing of wraps, title page and table of content. Title page and pages with advertisements at rear lightly browned. Covers in good-, interior in good condition.


17. Theilhaber, Felix A. (ed.). Herzl-Worte (Words by Herzl). Berlin: Welt-Verlag, 1921. First edition. Octavo. 94 (2)pp. Original black quarter-leather over yellow paper-covered boards with black lettering on cover, yellow lettering and tooling on spine; protected by modern mylar. Publisher's device on half-title. With an introduction by Theilhaber. Collection of important quotations of Herzl given on various occasions and topics and the categories Zion, Golus, and Humans and Humane.

1. Of Zion: The People, the nation, citizenship, politics regarding Jews, Zionism, about "the idea," means and ways, exodus (from Germany), the migration, colonization, the Holy Land, the Jewish State, the leader, personal notes.




2. Diaspora: assimilation, Mauschel (mumble), the fight against Zionism, charity, life in the Diaspora, the distress of Jews, the decline of the Western Jews, the Jewish Question, the hatred of Jews.

3. About Humans and the Humane: Humanity, the people, general psychology of people, the English, politic and government, national social, the social question, misery and social participation, Utopia, future, wisdom, life, love and hatred, of our lovely next, women and children, poetry and art, theater, money, greatness, about everyday, God and the ephemeral.

Contains list of non-Zionist titles published by B. Harz, Berlin, with permission to publish the quotes collected by Felix Theilhaber. Table of contents at rear. Text in German. Binding with light wear along edges and lightly rubbed. Light to medium foxing of block throughout. Good+ condition. Hardcover. (50066)


18. Sokolow, Nahum; A. J. Balfour (Preface). Geschichte des Zionismus (History of Zionism) 2 Vols. in One [INSCRIBED]. Wien Berlin Leipzig New York: Interterritorialer Verlag "Renaissance", 1920s. Inscribed "Zum Andenken, Bukarest 29. Dezember 1924 Nahum Sokolow" on front free endpaper. Small quarto. 495 (2)pp. Rebound in contemporary black half-leather over marbled boards with turquoise lettering on label of spine, protected by modern mylar. Gray endpapers. Preface by A. J. Balfour, British Secretary of State.

"Modern Zionism is the logical consequence of Jewish history. It doesn't always summon old traditions, which aren't incontrovertible despite their venerability. It works with simple and plausible means, it's a renaissance (Revival of the old). This ignites enthusiasm, recharges courage, awakens new zeal and moxie in one's heart." (Introduction).

This extensive history of Zionism is illustrated with historical b/w offset reproductions of photographs and several portrait photographs, e.g. Theodor Herzl, David Wolffsohn, etc. as well as diagrams. Contains a letter of Viscount Bryce to the author and chapters on the four Zionist Congresses. Volume two provides a general overview, chapters on Zionist propaganda during the war, various Jewish organizations, the demonstration in the London Opera, a manifest to the Jewish people, and other topics.

Text in German. Light wear along edges of binding. Previous owner's name inked to top of title page. Block lightly age-toned. Good+ condition. Hardcover. (49813)


19. Sokolow, Nahum. Hibbath Zion (The Love For Zion) [INSCRIBED]. Jerusalem: L. Mayer, 1934. First edition. Presentation copy inscribed "With the Author's Compliments" on front free endpaper. Small Quarto. xxxiii, 412pp. Original dark blue cloth with blind-stamped ruling on covers, gilt lettering on spine, protected by modern mylar. Imprint covered by stamped paper label "Rubin Mass Jerusalem 1935."

"Stating the Principles and Activities of the Pre-Herzl Palestinophile (Hovevey-Zion = Lovers of Zion) Movement in Religion, Literature and Life. About 1840 – 1897. A compendium of Literary Records concerning the origin of Hibbath Zion, with a series of Biographical Sketches of the Leaders, and Historical Studies outlining a Philosophy of the Jewish National Revival in contemporary Zionism." (Title page).

Jubilee-Book for Hibbath Zion (1882-1932), a movement in early Zionism, intending to familiarize the reader with the philosophy, theory and deep ethical principles of this great human struggle as well as its role in the rebirth of Judaism. Hibbath Zion (Hovevei Zion) was constituted as a group in 1884, led by Leon Pinsker, incorporating a variety of groups founded in 1881 as a response to the Anti-Jewish pogroms in the Russian Empire.

Nahum Sokolow was elected President of the World Zionist Congress in 1931, succeeded by Chaim Weizmann in 1935, later the first Israeli President in 1949. Sokolow was a prolific author and translator and is considered a pioneer of Hebrew journalism. He was the first to translate Herzl's Altneuland into Hebrew under the title Tel Aviv. The name was adopted for the first modern Hebrew-speaking city in 1909.

Contains index at rear. Binding with light wear, minor stains on front cover and spine somewhat faded. Block somewhat browned with half-title separated from bottom up for three inches. Good condition. Hardcover. (49812)


20. Finkelstein, Z. F. Schicksalsstunden eines Führers. Sieben Bildnisse um Theodor Herzl (Fateful Hours of a Leader. Seven Portraits of Theodor Herzl [INSCRIBED TO PAUL MUNI BY THE AUTHOR]. Wien–Amsterdam: Sawitra-Verlag, 1934. First edition. Inscribed "Dem frohen Gestalter Paul Muni vom Verfasser" on front free endpaper. Octavo. 123 (3)pp. Original blue pebbled quarter-cloth over illustrated tan boards with blue lettering on cover, protected by modern mylar. Publisher's device on title page. In his foreword Finkelstein quotes Herzl's famous words: "Wenn Ihr wollt, ist es kein Märchen (If you will it, it is no dream)," and describes Herzl's fateful hours. One chapter each is dedicated to the life of Herzl's mother, one to his son Hans Herzl. The book is illustrated with ten b/w photographs, four of them portrait photographs of Herzl, the others of his mother, his son as well as family and friends. Text in German. Binding with light wear along edges, else in near fine condition. Very good+ to near fine condition. Hardcover.

Z. F. Finkelstein, born in Lemberg, Poland, was an author and journalist. Finkelstein attended several Zionist congresses and was the Vienna correspondent of the Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Finkelstein emigrated to Israel in 1938. (50069)


21. Pinsker, Leon. "Autoemancipation!" Mahnruf an seine Stammesgenossen von einem russischen Juden. (Warning to his Fellow People from a Russian Jew). Berlin: Commissions-Verlag W. Issleib (G. Schuhr), 1882. First edition. Quarto. (4) 36pp. Original tan wraps with black lettering and publisher's device in decorative border, protected by modern mylar. Housed in red half-leather over gray cloth clamshell box with gilt lettering on spine. Publisher's device on title page.

Educated in his father's private school in Odessa Pinsker was one of the first Jews to attend Odessa University. When realizing that he had little chance to become a lawyer due to strict quotas Pinsker chose the career of a physician. The Odessa pogroms of 1871 and of 1881 changed his conviction of cultural assimilation of the Jews. Pinsker joined the Hovevei Zion (Hibbath Zion) in 1881, a variety of organizations which were officially constituted as Hibbath Zion in 1884, led by Leon Pinsker and backed by Baron Edmond James de Rothschild.

In 1882 Pinsker visited Western Europe and composed the pamphlet "Autoemancipation" which was published anonymously in Germany. In this controversial pamphlet Pinsker urges the Jewish people to strive for independence and to develop a national consciousness. Hibbath Zion is considered to be the forerunner of the Zionist movement constituted in 1897 by Theodor Herzl. Text in German. Wraps with light staining, penciled "Political Self-Emancipation at top of front cover; upper half of stamp on back cover. Rubbed. Wraps in overall good-, interior in very good condition. Good- to very good condition. Softcover. (49819)


22. E. M. Lilien (Photograph); H. Aust (Gravure). Theodor Herzl [PHOTOGRAVURE]. Berlin: Verlag B. Harz, 1900s. Original photogravure. Quarto (9 1/2 x 7 1/2" / Photo 4 1/2 x 3 1/2")). Original stiff tan paper plate with photogravure of E. M. Lilien's photo of Theodor Herzl.

The photograph of Theodor Herzl by E. M. Lilien was reproduced on various occasions. Lilien himself produced a poster with this image in 1901. It depicts Theodor Herzl looking out over the Rhine from the balcony of his Hotel Les Trois Rois during the Fifth World Zionist Congress in 1901 in Basel.

Among other reproductions the photograph was also used in the program announcement for the play "The New Ghetto" at the Irving Place Theater in Manhattan on March 18th and 25th, 1920. Built in 1888 the Irving Place Theater originally served as a German language theater. In 1918, under the management of Maurice Schwartz, it became the home of the Yiddish Art Theater.

Frame of photogravure with wear, small chips at foredge and some creases and bends, not affecting photograph. Frame in fair, photo in very good condition. Fair to very good condition. (50081)

23. Struck, Hermann. Theodor Herzl Gravure by Hermann Struck (17 3/4 x 13 3/4"). Matted (26 1/4 x 20")). Edition "Shikmona," Haifa. Printed by Orell & Füssli, Zürich. Item #50408

Price: $120,000.00

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