New York: Jewish Council for Russian War Relief/ Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee of the Soviet Union, 1945. First edition. Softcover. Folio. 17pp. Loose mimeographed pages. This scarce and important historical document is a list of Jews in Vilna saved by the Red Army, which was compiled by the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee. The list was then printed and submitted on their behalf to the World Jewish Congress, by the New York-based Jewish Council for Russian War Relief. The information on the list includes each survivor's family name, surname, year of birth, and first names of their parents (when available). It is fascinating to note that the listed age of survivors at the time of liberation ranges from 2 to 98 years old. The Red Army liberated Vilna from the Nazis in 1944, to find that a staggering majority of the city's Jewish population (as well as the Lithuanian-Jewish community as a whole) had been killed. This list of survivors contains a total of 1192 names, which means that according to these numbers, and based an estimated Jewish population of 60,000 before the start of the Holocaust, less than 2% of Vilna's Jews were left alive. The largest single group within these survivors likely came from those who worked at the HKP 562 forced labor camp in the city, where as many as 250 survived, thanks to the efforts of German army officer Karl Plagge (1897-1957).
Text in Yiddish.
The first page has been reinforced with heavier stock paper on the verso. Each page has a horizontal folding crease, with some light water staining, closed tears along the edges and/or pen and pencil markings. A few of the pages towards the end have some larger stains in blue which partially obscure a few of the names. In good condition overall. Protected in modern mylar. g. Item #49829
Submitted by: .אידישער קאונסיל פאר ראשען וואר רעליף, 5 סידער סטריט, נ. י
Title: צעטל פון ידין געראטעוועטע דורך דער רויטער ארמיי
Compiled by: צוגעשטעלט פון דעם אידישן אנטיפאשיסטישן קאםיטעט אין שאוועטן פארבאנד צום אידישן וועלט קאנגרעס
Date: דעם 1 טן יוני 1945
*This copy of the report is picture on p.512 of Layzer Ran's peon to Jewish life in Vilna "Jerusalem of Lithuania" (New York, 1974).