NP: Anonymous, 15th century, 1629, 18th century (Later printings 19th century). Loose leafs. Oblong Quarto (11 3/8 x 8 1/2" / 10 x 12 1/2" / 8 3/4 x 11"). Broadsides. Original engravings on paper, protected by modern mylar.
Three engravings depict Jews in their relations to Christians from the 15th, 17th and 18th century. The most popular caricature is the "Grain and Wine Jew" circulated in the 17th century.
"Das ist! Nachdenckliche Figur und Bildnus, der Korn, Wein, und Geldwucherer, Leudtschinder und Leuttfresser, mit ihren Maniniren und Panniren. Aus dem buchlein Tobi: Sürach, propheten Michea, Ezechiele, und andern biblischen hypotiposibg : Warnungs halben vor Augen gestellet." (That is! Thoughtful figure and picture, the corn, wine, money profiteer, people oppressor, people devourer, with their manners and coating. From the book Tobi: Sirach, prophet Michael, Ezekiel, and other Biblical descriptions: as a warning for all the world to see.)
Broadside satirizing Jewish corn and wine merchants during the Thirty Years' War. The center of the engraving depicts a carriage loaded with wine barrels and sacks of corn with two Jewish merchants on top, driven by the devil and a fox sitting at the end of the carriage dragging peasants along in a net. The carriage has two banners deployed on poles, one showing a scale and descriptor "Stingy as a toad" and the other illustrated with eagles reading "Stinginess is like a bird of prey." In the foreground a couple of peasants trying to get out of the way of the carriage. The engraving features vignettes framing the carriage with seventeen quotes from Biblical sources, e.g. "The poor's got nothing but a piece of bread. He who takes it from him is a murderer." (Sirach. 35).
The other two prints depict the 'Jews with their minds set on ruining Christians' and the third in their role as soldiers. The 15th century caricature depicts three groupings of Jews and Christians with the majority of the plate reserved for accompanying text in German and Latin. "Unique flyer against price gouging of the Jews. The Latin text reveals that the addressees were predominantely educated people." (Fuchs,page 133. The 18th century engraving shows a number of different caricatures involving soldiers in various combat situations and their interactions with rural population.
Reproductions of the prints are found in Eduard Fuchs' publication "Die Juden in der Karikatur," following pages 16, 32, and 48. Text in German, Gothic script. Vertical folds with small closed tears at top and bottom of fold of the engraving of the 'wine Jew," with some light creasing at corners. All the pages have been washed - there are no chain lines in any of the images ... 19th century reproductions -- All three engravings reinforced with narrow paper strips on verso. Overall in very good condition. vg. Item #46582