New York: James T. White & Co., 1886. First edition. Box. First edition. Elephant folios. 2 pieces.
First edition (May 18th 1886): 23x34.5". Measures 69" when fully unfolded. Portfolio. Large black paper label with tan lettering over brown cloth boards. String ties. Housed in its original red-brown wooden box, measuring 24.5x35.5", with a hinged opening at the top, secured with latches.
First edition, second printing (December 14th, 1886): 24x35". Measures 70" when fully unfolded. Manikin mounted in place onto the protective red wooden frame, with a central folding hinge. Mounting wire for hanging the piece attached to the back. Revised printing of the first edition.
These are two printings of the first edition of James T. White's phenomenal "Physiological Manikin". Completely illustrated with splendidly printed chromolithographic illustrated flaps, in full color, held in place with rotating metal clasps. This anatomical model was originally conceived by White around 1884-1885, and intended as a teaching tool for use in medical schools as well as doctor's offices. The central illustrated male figure measures over five feet tall, and contains countless features, divided among 11 folding sections. Each of these sections contain fold-out flaps, each representing an anatomical layer of the respective body part or limb, in cross-sectional view. Shown are all of the major physiological and anatomical systems of the body including, skeletal system, the nervous system, muscular systems, respiration and digestive track, with each of their respective organs and tissue. Many of the top flaps of sections contain demonstrative illustrations of surgical procedures on the respective body part. Of special note is the strange fact that while in nearly every aspect the model is of a human male, the reproductive system displayed on the "manikin" is that of a female, including ovaries, uterus, etc.
The differences in the printings are as follows:
The first major difference to note is that in the first printing 45 of the most prominent figures on the model can be viewed in a more magnified or microscopic way, on an addition opening double-page spread at the front of the portfolio. Each of these figures are printed lithographically in b/w, and display details of various tissue and organs, such as as cells, neurons, blood vessels and hair follicles. Additional subtle differences include more vibrant color on the earlier printing and slightly altered designs for a few flaps in the later, including larger graphics of surgical incisions on the body. The face of the male figure is not the same and has a slightly different hair style. The later printing is slightly longer.
Boxes with some scuffing. Binding on first printing with some rubbing and fraying to extremities. Interior with some with some creasing to some of the flaps, with more wear on the later printing. Bindings in very good- to very good condition. Interiors in very good- condition overall. vg- to vg. Item #46280