Eric Chaim Kline, Bookseller

Eric Chaim Kline, Bookseller
Executive materials relating to the 7708 War Crimes Group of the Deputy Theater Judge Advocate's Office [FROM THE PERSONAL PAPERS OF MAJOR FRED W. LUDECKE]. Major Fred W. Ludecke.
Executive materials relating to the 7708 War Crimes Group of the Deputy Theater Judge Advocate's Office [FROM THE PERSONAL PAPERS OF MAJOR FRED W. LUDECKE]
Executive materials relating to the 7708 War Crimes Group of the Deputy Theater Judge Advocate's Office [FROM THE PERSONAL PAPERS OF MAJOR FRED W. LUDECKE]
Executive materials relating to the 7708 War Crimes Group of the Deputy Theater Judge Advocate's Office [FROM THE PERSONAL PAPERS OF MAJOR FRED W. LUDECKE]

Executive materials relating to the 7708 War Crimes Group of the Deputy Theater Judge Advocate's Office [FROM THE PERSONAL PAPERS OF MAJOR FRED W. LUDECKE]

NP: NP, 1945-1947. Original document. Hardcover. Large quarto (11 1/2 x 9 3/4"). 138 typescript leaves separated by 11 dividers with typescript labels. Contemporary grey cloth covered three ring binder, with handwritten title on spine (Vol. II, Major Ludecke).

Unique collection of typescript documents relating to the creation, administration and operation of the 7708 War Crimes Group.

The earliest Nazi war crimes cases were investigated by war crimes sections under the Staff Judge Advocates of the 1st, 3rd, and 7th US Armies and under the commanding generals of the Eastern and Western Military Districts. In late 1945, administration of the US war crimes program was centralized in a War Crimes Section (later Branch) set up in the Office of the Theater Judge Advocate, US Forces European Theater (USFET).

On November 1, 1946, this operation became the 7708 War Crimes Group, headed by the Deputy Judge Advocate for War Crimes, which continued to function through the investigation, trial, and review phases until it was deactivated on June 30, 1948.

The documents contained in this binder are divided into the following 11 sections:

1) General Orders:

Contains three typed documents of one leaf each. The first document is dated October 26, 1946 and is titled "Organization of a Numbered Unit for War Crimes Personnel." Issued by Major General C. R. Huebner (by command of General McNarney), the document announces the upcoming creation of the 7708 War Crimes Group.

The second document is dated November 1, 1946, and is titled "Assumption of Command." Issued by Colonel C. E. Straight, the document announces that the undersigned assumes command of the 7708 War Crimes Group. At the upper right corner of the document features the sworn in signature of Major Ludecke (in blue pencil), following the annotation "On Bible" (in ink). An unidentified signature (also in black ink) follows Major Ludecke's signature.

The third document is dated November 2, 1946 and is titled "Designation of Detachments." Also issued by Colonel C. E. Straight, the document announces the new designation of the former War Crimes Investigating teams, as well as their new location and designation

2) Investigation:

Contains two typed documents. The first one is dated April 18, 1945, has five leaves stapled together, and is titled "Suggestions to Investigators of War Crimes." Two "Restricted" red stamps feature at upper and lower margin of each leaf. The document is unsigned.

The second document is dated October 29, 1945, has two leaves stapled together, and is titled "Change I to "Suggestions to Investigators of War Crimes." The document was issued by Colonel C. B. Mickelwait

3) Extradition:

Contains four typed documents. The first two documents, dated September 13, 1945 were issued by Brigadier General R. B. Lovett, and pertain to the "Delivery to Other Nations and Italy of Persons Accused of War Crimes and of Witnesses and Evidence Required in the Trial of War Crimes." The first one (2 leaves stapled together) is addressed to the Theater Judge Advocate, Headquarters, U.S. Forces, European Theater. The second one (3 leaves stapled together) is addressed to the Commanding Generals of the U.S. Forces, Austria; U.S. Air Forces in Europe; Theater Service Forces, European Theater; Each Military District; and Berlin District. Attached to this document is a double form for "Request for Taking of a Deposition for Use in a Trial for a War Crime / Request for Delivery of Evidence for Use in a Trial for War Crime." Both documents are typed "Restricted" at upper margin of each leaf.

The third document (one leaf) dated September 18, 1945, was issued by Brigadier General Ed. C. Betts and addressed to "Deputy Theater Judge Advocate for War Crimes, Headquarters, U.S. Forces, European Theater." This restricted document also pertain to the "Delivery to Other Nations and Italy of Persons Accused of War Crimes and of Witnesses and Evidence Required in the Trial of War Crimes."

The fourth document (2 leaves stapled together) is a copy of an original document dated October 22, 1946, issued by Colonel, JAGD, C. E. Straight and addressed to the U.S. Chief of Counsel for the Prosecution of Axis Criminality. It pertains to the "Extradition of War Criminal Suspects and Witnesses to War Crimes from Other Governments."

4) Apprehensions:

One document (2 stapled leaves) issued on May 21, 1945 by Brigadier General T. J. Betts from the Supreme Headquarters of the Allied Expeditionary Forces, and addressed to Judge Advocate General, European Theater of War.

5) Trials:

Includes 4 typed documents relating to the details, organization, scheduling and sentencing in the trials:
"Sentences of Convicted War Criminals" (October 21, 1946), from Colonel C.E. Straight.
"Trial of War Crimes Cases" (October 14th, 1946) from Lt. Colonel Peter Peters (5 pages)
Internal Route Slip: "Payment of the Witness Fees to Allied Nationals" (July 22nd, 1946) (3 pages)
"Fees and Allowances in Military Government Courts Specifically Appointed for the Trials of Cases Involving War Crimes" (December 7th 1945) (2 pages) from major Emanuel Solomons.

6) Dachau - Detachment A

"Survey of Dachau Detachment, War Crimes Enclosure and War Criminal Prison" (September 12th, 1946) from Colonel C.E. Straight (10 pages)

7) War Crimes Directives (includes 14 documents):

"Inactivation of War Crimes Activities" (March 7th, 1947) from Major H.O. Beeth
"Coordination of War Crimes Activities" (October 26th. 1946) from Colonel George F. Herbert (3 pages)
Copy of "Executive Order 9547" (May 2, 1945) from President Truman (The White House) (2 pages)
Copy of "Executive Order 9679 (Amendment to Executive order no. 9547)" (January 18th, 1946)
Control Council, Law No.10 "Punishment of Persons Guilty of War Crimes, Crimes Against Peace and Against Humanity" (Berlin, December 20th 1945) from Joseph McNarney, Field Marshal Bernard L.Montgomery, General Louis Koeltz, and General Georgi Zhokov (4 pages)
"Trial of War Crimes Cases" (October 14th 1946), Lt. Colonel Peter Peters (5 pages)
"Establishment of War Crimes Offices" (March 28th, 1946), from Major General Edward F. Witsell, the Pentagon
"Establishment of War Crimes Offices" (December 25th, 1944) from Brigadier General T.J. Davis
"War Crimes" (June 30th, 1945) from Lt. Colonel Richard Fisk
"War Crimes" (April 23rd, 1945) from Colonel W.G. Caldwell (6 pages)
[STAPLED WITH] "Appendix A" (5 pages) and "Appendix B" (1 page)
"Organization for Further Proceedings Against Axis War Criminals and Certain Other Offenders" (December, 5th 1945) from General Joseph T. McNarney (3 pages)
"Staff Responsibility For War Crimes Activities" (September 24th,1945) from Brigadier General R.B. Lovett

8) WCG Operations (includes 4 documents)

"Authority to Issue Travel Orders" (October 17th, 1946) from Captain T.W. Suchara
"Movement of the War Crimes Group Theater Judge Advocate's Office (October 17th, 1946) by Lt. Colonel Peter Peters
"Operations SOP No.5, Courier Service" (October 8th 1946) from Major Frank R. Burget (2 pages)
"Theater Judge Advocate and G-4 USFET (in turn)" (September 12th, 1946) from Colonel C.B. Mickelwait (6 Pages)

9) Personnel (includes 8 documents):

"Non T/O Personnel Requirements" (September 30th, 1946) from Colonel C.E. Straight
"Non T/O Personnel Requirements" (September 30th, 1946) from Colonel C.E. Straight (4 pages)
"Notification of Receipt of Requisition" (September 12th, 1946) from Captain H.A. Short
"Discipline of Civilian Employees" (May 20th, 1946) from Major General M.G. White (2 pages)
[STAPLED WITH] "Annex A" (1 page) and "Annex B" (2 pages)
"Increased Workers Rations for Central Suspect and Witness Enclosure" (September 9th 1946) from Major H.O. Beeth
"Visitors at War Criminal Prison" (October 16th, 1946) Colonel C.E. Straight (2 pages) [STAPLED WITH] An addendum from Colonel Philip C. Clayton (1 page)
"Disposition of Internees Held in Civilian Internment Enclosures" (July 13th, 1946) from Lt. Colonel Peter Peters (7 pages)
"Establishment of Suspect and Witness Enclosures" (June 30th, 1945) from Lt. Colonel Richard P. Fisk

10) Miscellaneous References (includes 2 documents):

"Report of Visit in Connection with War Crimes Activities" (June 24th, 1946) from Colonel Damon M. Gunn [STAPLED WITH] an addendum from Colonel C. B. Mickelwait (6 pages total)
"Unclassified Routine" (August 26th, 1946)

11) Staff Conferences - War Crimes Group (includes 5 documents):

Proceedings of the "War Crimes Group Conference" (October 16th, 1946) (3 pages)
Proceedings of the "War Crimes Group Conference" (September 28th, 1946) (5 pages) Signed in pencil, unsure of signature
Proceedings of the "War Crimes Group Conference" (September 12th, 1946) (9 pages)
Proceedings of the "War Crimes Group Conference" (August 28th, 1946) (5 pages)
Proceedings of the "War Crimes Group Conference" (July 23rd, 1946) (3 pages)

Binder with some water staining, scratches and smudges on the covers. Binder rings with some rust. Some sporadic minor water spots on a few pages, and some occasional marks in pencil. Binder in good- to good, interior and pages in overall very good to near fine condition overall. g- to near fine. Item #43084

Price: $7,500.00

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