Germany: Various, 1910–1950. Softcover. Extensive collection of 205 Berlin theater programs accumulated by Ursula Kordmann, a Berlin theater subscriber, ranging from 1910–1950 with one typed manuscript of a short play by Kurt Finke. The collection establishes a broad overview of the production of various Berlin stages and the Opera House starting with programs prior to W.W.I continuing through the immediate post W.W.II period. It reflects the adjustments in programming made by Berlin stages during war times, the flourishing of theater at the height of German culture during the Weimar Republic and the changes in programing towards Germanic themes implemented by the National Socialist, including the unambiguous purge of Jewish influence in German culture and theater productions. These changes in policies during the Third Reich are pronounced in the removal of advertisements of Jewish companies due to Aryanization of businesses owned by Jewish citizens. Starting in 1933 advertisements are all but eliminated from the programs and gradually reintroduced though without ads by Jewish companies, e.g. the colorful advertisements of Hermann Tietz, founder of the first department store in Germany, last appears in 1934. Tietz ads reappear in programs of our collection in 1938 though under the brand Hertie after George Karg had managed to buy the department store chain due to pressure exerted on the Jewish owners by the National Socialists. The name Hertie represents the first three letters of first and last name of the original owner Hermann Tietz. The programming at the theaters changes dramatically after W.W.II exemplified best with a production of Bertolt Brecht's "Furcht und Elend des Dritten Reiches" at the Max Reinhardt Theater.
Less than five percent of the programs included are from stages outside Berlin. A majority of programs have handwritten dates on covers as well as notes inside the pamphlet due to changes in the respective casts. The programs and leaflets are in overall very good condition with some of them age toned and browned.
1. Königliche Schauspiele Schauspielhaus (3 issues,1914–1915)
Quarto. 4pp. Original stiff cream wraps with black ruling, lettering and German Eagle on cover. Three programs announcing Minna von Barnhelm (Lessing), 1812 (historical drama by Otto von der Pfordten) and Die Zwillingsschwester (Ludwig Fulda), all with full cast, director, opening time and weeky schedules of subscriber performances on back cover of each program.
2. Königliche Schauspiele Berlin (25 issues, 1915–1918)
Octavo. 16pp. Original textured stiff wraps with gilt and black stamped German Eagle and lettering on cover. Illustrated with full page b/w photographs of actors with decorative framing, e.g. Paul Lindau, Hans Mühlhofer, Johanna Arnstädt, Ria Ressel, Elfriede Heisler and Rosa Poppe. Centerfolds announce subscriber performances with director and full cast, ticket prices and performance schedule. Five full pages with illustrated advertisements plus inside and back covers. Some of the programs with gray stiff wraps. The b/w photographs are reprinted in some of the programs with some variations and additions, e.g. Albert Patry, Kurt Vespermann, Vilma von Mayburg, Helene Thimig, Carl Clewing, Tilla Durieux, Leopold Freiherr von Ledebur, Ernst Keppler, Max Pohl, Josefine Dora and others. The plays performed during the war were almost exclusively written by German authors.
3. Staatstheater Schauspielhaus Berlin am Gendarmenmarkt (6 issues, 1920–1922)
Octavo. app. 30–52pp. Tan wraps with black decorative border, German Eagle, black ruling and lettering on cover. Contains 25 full page b/w reproductions of photographs of actors dressed in character for the respective plays including Lucie Höflich, Carl Clewing, Albert Patry and others for "Maria Stuart," Albert Bassermann, Eduard von Winterstein, Fritz Kortner, Margarete Neff and other for "Wilhelm Tell," Margarete Schön as Desdemona in "Othello," Annemarie Steinsieck as "Stella, "Dr. Max Pohl as Nathan in "Nathan der Weise" and others. The green centerfold features the cast for the January 28, 1920, subscriber performance of Friedrich Hebbel's "Maria Magdalena" with full cast, schedule and prices and a synopsis of the play Eugen Thari. Each program contains up to 35 full pages of advertisements plus inside and back covers.
All six copies are held in the same format, with slightly varying pagination and occasional reproduction o artwork, featuring plays by Frank Wedekind (Der Marquis von Keith), 1920, Hermann von Boetticher (Der Kronprinz, 1920), Henrik Ibsen (Per Gynt, 1920), this announces the last performance of actor Hans Mühlhofer, Goethe (Torquato Tasso),
Shakespeare (König Richard der Dritte), this with an article on acting methods by Ernst Lewinger
4. Staatstheater Schauspielhaus Berlin am Gendarmenmarkt (10 issues, 1923–1925)
Octavo. 32pp. Cream wraps with black German Eagle, ruling and lettering on cover. These programs feature smaller b/w reproductions of b/w actor photographs with one quarter of the page reserved for advertisements at bottom and two plays featured on the green centerfold including full cast, ticket prices and schedule. Featuring the two short plays "Ein Polterabend" von Adolf Glasbrenner and "Das Fest der Handwerker" by Louis Angely, 1923, and an article on Mimus, the father and precursor of stage humor. Advertisements as in previous group. Some of these with remnants of broken, colored advertising seals on front and back covers at foredge.
Plays featured in subsequent programs are by Heinrich von Kleist (Das Kätchen von Heibronn, 1923), including a literary contribution "Anekdote aus dem letzten preußischen Kriege" von Heinrich von Kleist, Friedrich Schiller (Wilhelm Tell,1923), with a draft for the poem "Deutsche Größe" by Schiller and a reproduction of Schinkel's sketch of the auditorium and a "Muse" from a ceiling painting by Wach, Goethe (Faust, 1923), with literary contribution by Goethe on his Faust, Bernhard Shaw (Candida, 1924), with a contribution on theater by Dr. Hans Lebede, drawing of the stage design for the prolog in Faust, the concert hall and a portrait drawing of the architect Schinkel, Schiller (Wallensteins Lager, 1924), with correspondence between Schiller and Iffland and two set design drawings by Cesar Klein, Schiller (Wallensteins Tod, 1924), with literary contributions by Heinrich Heine and on Schiller's Wallenstein, Brandon-Thomas (Charleys Tante, 1925), with contribution on thoughts and ideas by Heinrich Heine and the first appearance of a portrait photo of Veit Harlan, Heinrich von Kleist (Prinz Friedrich von Homburg, 1925), with a reproduction of a watercolor of Heinrich George by Ernst Klauß, a contribution on "dilettantism" by Eckart von Naso, on productivity in art by Goethe and Lessing's Hamburg Dramaturgy, Shakespeare (Romeo und Julia, 1925), with Erwin Faber as Romeo and Lucie Mannheim as Julia, a contribution on Shakespeare by Heinrich Heine
5. Staats-Theater Berlin Schauspiehaus am Gendarmenplatz (9 issues, 1926–1934)
Octavo. App. 24pp. Cream wraps with design as lot 4 but varying theater name. Illustrated with b/w reproductions (app. 3 x 2") of actors, directors and set designs. Among others portrait photographs of Veit Harlan and producer and director Leopold Jessner. Tan centerfold announcement for subscriber performance of Frank Wedekind's "Lulu" with full cast, ticket prices and schedule. Contains literary contributions on Berlin theater by Leopold Jessner and Frank Wedekind on art, morals and the Lulu theme as well as short quotes on thoughts and ideas by Arthur Schoppenhauer, Heinrich Heine and Oscar Wilde. Contain many illustrated advertisements including back cover and color ads on inside covers.
Plays featured in subsequent programs are by I.M. Woikow (Die Liebe auf dem Lande, 1930), incl. lit. contributions by Georg Simmel on the actor and Klabund's short autobiography; Friedrich Schiller (Die Jungfrau von Orleans, 1930), incl. lit. contributions by Adam Kuckhoff on the National Theater and Schiller on the featured play. Photographs incl. Veit Harlan, Toni van Eyck, Heinrich George; the program of January 1st, 1933 is exclusively dedicated to Goethe's Faust II with contributions by Gustav Lindemann and Kurt Linder on Faust, 8 pages, no photographs and advertisements other than inside and back covers. Full cast of Faust II on inside back cover; the following program with only 4 pages and Paul Ernst (Der heilige Crispin, 1933) with full cast, ticket prices and schedule featured on white centerfold, a literary contribution by Paul Ernst and advertisements on inside and back covers; Björnstjerne Björnsen (Wenn der neue Wein blüht, 1933) in same format as previous program; Gothic script lettering and varying eagle image on cover for Shakespeare (Julius Cesar, 1933), else same format as previous.
The program of November 3, 1933, for Hermann Bahr's "Das Konzert" with full cast, etc. on centerfold features an altered cover: a stylized eagle with sword and arrows in his claws, a Swastika on his chest and a small sign above his head reading "God with us (Gott mit uns)." Excerpt of Friedrich Griefe's "Meine Heimat (My Homeland)" printed on first and last page. Format as previous with ads on inside and back covers. The following program in same format for Otto Erler (Struensee, 1934), both representative for the nationalistic "down-to-earth" direction after Hitler came to power.
6. Staats-Theater Berlin Staats-Oper Unter den Linden and Schauspielhaus Gendarmenmarkt (4 issues, 1934–1936)
Quarto. Continuous pagination 17-24 (12)pp. Original tan wraps illustrated as previous cover with Swastika in brown with Gothic lettering. Programs are expanded again but with a different format and layout. Advertisement space is visibly reduced and the pamphlet starts with literary contributions on "Ariadne auf Naxos" by Dr. J.K., Richard Strauß on Mozart's "Cosi fan Tutte" and A. v. Andrevsky on a peculiar incident in Tschaikowsky's life. B/w photographs of actors are reintroduced featuring Rudolf Bockelmann, the outstanding Wagnerian singer who damaged his reputation by joining the Nazi party, Frida Leider, Delia Reinhardt, Rut Berlund, among others. The tan centerfold features Tschaikowsky's "Eugen Onigin" and guest performances of Jan Kiepura in Tosca and Rigoletto. Advertisements are scarce compare to previous programs with inside and back cover blank.
The following pamphlet features Mozart's Don Giovanni (1934) and a new production of Wagner's Götterdämmerung directed by Wilhelm Furtwängler as well as the schedule for various other performances. Full page b/w portrait photograph of Wilhelm Furtwängler on page one, a full page set design by P. Aravantinos and various small portrait photographs of Frida Leider, Margarete Klose and others. Literary contributions on Verdi's Aida, memoirs of Mozart's text poet Lorenzo da Ponte and the workshop of the State Opera. The next two issues in the same vain featuring a comedy by Scribe (Das Glas Wasser, 1934) followed by an issue featuring Goethe with music by Beethoven (Egmont, 1936) with reproductions of artwork depicting the theater at the Gendarmenmarkt, a portrait photograph of Gustaf Gründgens with facsimile note and signature.
7. Staats-Theater Berlin Staats-Oper Unter den Linden and Schauspielhaus Gendarmenmarkt (4 issues, 1938–1941)
Quarto. 32pp. Original tan wraps with Reichsadler (German Eagle) and Swastika and lettering in brown on cover.
Featuring Charles Gounod's "Margarete" in December 1938 with a critique of the premiere by Hector Berlioz and Gounod's notes on the painter J.A.D. Ingres featuring a drawing of Gounod by Ingres. Contains b/w portrait photographs of Herbert von Karajan, Gustaf Gründgens, Traugott Müller and others as well as photomontages of set designs and the casts of "Die Zauberflöte" and "Per Gynt" plus photographs of "Gianni Schicchi" and "Carmen." Advertisements more prominent than in recent programs including on inside and back covers.
Shakespeare (Hamlet, 1940) is featured in the centerfold with Gustaf Gründgens as Hamlet. Illustrated with full page b/w photograph of Gründgens, artwork reproductions depicting various European productions of Hamlet and actors as Hamlet as well as contributions on various Hamlet productions. Fully stacked with advertisements incl. inside and back covers. The issue featuring Grillparzer's "König Ottokars Glück und Ende" is profusely illustrated with b/w photographs of cast members and set designs, drawings by Max Slevogt and Jacques Callot and a artistic rendering of the Vienna Burgtheater on page one. Laid in a small pink printed slip of paper giving directions to the air-raid shelter. Finally a program of "Preciosa" by Pius Alexander Wolff with music by Carl Maria von Weber. Illustrated with facsimiles of previous productions, b/w photographs and artwork.
8. Staats-Theater Berlin Schiller-Theater Charlottenburg (4 issues, no date, 1926 in handwriting)
Octavo. 24pp. unpaginated. Tan wraps with gray ruling and black lettering and German eagle on cover. No date with handwritten "1926 Die Soldaten" on front cover; presumably by Ursula Kordmann. Contains literary contributions by Eckart von Naso, on Wish and Reality in theater, and Goethe with aphoristic remarks on art and the true artist. It contains b/w photograph of theater director Professor Leopold Jesssner by Nicola Perscheid, a b/w reproduction of a scene from Frank Wedekind's "Lulu" by Atlantic Photo-Co., Berlin, b/w photographs of Fritz Kortner and Lina Lossen by Foto-Schmidt, director Jürgen Fehling, by Ernst Sandau, of the featured play "Die Soldaten" by J.M.R. Lenz (brown centerfold with Cesar Klein set design and with full cast and ticket prices) plus a scene from the play by Atelier Jessen, and actors Fritz Valk, Rosa Bertens and Lucie Mannheim, both from Atelier Jessen, Franz Weber and Aribert Wäscher. Ten full pages with advertisement, including back cover, and additional smaller ads disbursed throughout two color ads on inside covers.
The other three pamphlets in same format feature Büchner's "Wozzek" here with a drawing of director Jürgen Fehling and photographs of the cast and scenes as wells as literary contributions by Heinrich von Kleist and Heinz Lipmann about Georg Büchner, a third Carl Rößler's comedy "Die beiden Seehunde" with contribution by Heinz Lipmann on poetry and theater, and the fourth Shakespeare's comedy "Ende gut, alles gut" with a b/w photographs of Gerhart Hauptmann, by Rieß, scenes of his play "Florian Geyer" by Elli Marcus, a reproduction of a painting of Hauptmann and Hauptmann's short piece on dramaturgy. Also includes a synopsis on Shakespeare's play w/o credit. This copy includes next to the two color ads and original sample of wallpaper from the SALUBRA A.G. with printed rules for a competition on verso announcing 40,000 Mk. in price money for photographs of SALUBRA wallpapers in homes.
9. Deutsches Theater und Kammerspiele (10 issues, 1937–1939)
Quarto. app. 24pp. with continuous pagination. Original tan wraps with black ruling and lettering on cover. Season 37/38 issues 3, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11; season 38/39 issues 6, 16, 17, 18. Illustrated with b/w drawings, photographs, set designs and advertisements. Literary contributions. Highlights are numerous set designs by Caspar Neher, the noted set designer and lifelong collaborator of Bertolt Brecht, two color illustrated leaflet announcing the Theater Ball (Bühnen Ball) laid in, Der Sturm by Shakespeare, b/w photograph of Theodor Loos as Prospero in Shakespeare's "Der Sturm," the premiere of "Erntefest (Harvest Festival)" by Max Halbe, a b/w portrait photograph of Ernst Wiechert by F. Poerschke with brief bio and a short texts "Das Gesetz" (The Law) and "Der vom toten Mann" (He of the Dead Man). Wiechert, a widely read novelist at the time, was opposed to the Nazis from the outset and incited his Munich students to retain critical thinking towards National Socialism. When he criticized the imprisonment of Martin Niemöller he was imprisoned shortly after the plebiscite preceding the annexation of Austria in April 1938, interned at Buchenwald for 4 month which he survived. His memories of his imprisonment were published in 1945 under the title Der Totenwald (Forest of the Dead). Goethe texts in the issue featuring the production of his "Faust" with b/w reproductions of Goethe watercolors and b/w photographs of Elisabeth Flickenschild and Hilde Krahl, 12 b/w thumbnail photographs of the "Faust" production with set designs by Ernst Schütte.
10. Königliche Schauspiele Berlin Schauspielhaus (5 issues, 1918)
Folio. 1 leaf (12 3/4 x 19 1/2") with three vertical folds. Original newsprint with illustrated two color cover. Announcing two plays in each program, e.g. "Stella" on Goethe's birthday, August 28. Full credits for each play. Illustrated advertising in two colors.
11. Programm Theater am Nollendorfplatz (10 issues, 1919)
Quarto. 4pp. Original newsprint with illustrated front cover and black lettering. Ten programs of the series "Vaterländische Schauspiele" (Plays of the Fatherland) Volksoper (People's Opera) from the seasons 1918/19 and 1919/20. Each program with full credits for each play and references to performances of other plays on centerfold. Some brief notes and names crossed out in color pencil. All plays in this series written by German authors.
12. Klassische Volks-Schauspiele im Theater des Westens. (4 issues, 1916/17)
Folio. Broadside (13 1/2 x 7"). Original cream broadside with decorative ruling and black lettering. Contains full credits and brief synopsis of respective plays with announcements of performances for other plays. Verso blank.
13. Volksbühne Theater am Horst Wessel Platz (3 issues, 1935)
Octavo. 4pp. Original cream folded broadside with drawing of theater and black lettering on cover. Contains full credits, short article and biography on the playwright on centerfold. Announcements for other performances on verso, locations to buy tickets and small ad at bottom of back page.
14. Theaterdienst Weekly and Theaterdienst Eilnachrichten (8 issues, 1947)
Theaterdienst Weekly. Octavo. 16pp. Original photo-illustrated tan wraps with black lettering on cover. Photographs on front cover. Contains reviews of premieres of plays and other performances from various Berlin newspapers, announcements of stage events from across the country, news on film and music, news from foreign stages, a small bios of actors, radio events, theater schedules and four pages of advertisements at rear.
Eilnachrichten Theaterdienst. Octavo. 8pp. Original tan wraps with red and black lettering. News on theater, film and music mostly on German but occasional foreign cultural events. Some advertisements of back page.
15. Twenty single issue programs and magazines from various theaters in Berlin and four other cities from 1910–1950.
Blätter des Deutschen Theaters featuring Alexander Lernet-Holenia. Laid in a four page advertising by the Rowohlt Verlag., a 150 year anniversary performance of Schiller's "Wilhelm Tell" at the Schiller-Theater, 1910, a 1919 issue of monthly for theater and critique "Im Rampenlicht," advertisements for the Meinhard-Bernauer-Bühnen, the Volksbühne Theater am Bülowplatz, die Große Volksoper, two copies of "Zwischenakt," announcements of the directors of the Barnowsky-Bühnen, BVB Bühnen-Blätter, 1926-1927, "Der Zuschauer," Blätter der Saltenburg-Bühnen, Theater am Schiffbauerdamm, concert program of the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, 1935-36, Deutsche Theater & Kammerspiele 1938/39, two pamphlets in French announcing the Theatre Arlequin Xavier de Courville and Les Ballets des Champs-Elysés in Berlin, a 1947 Berlin Brahms Festival, City Theater Cottbus 1919/20, Münchener Kammerspiele, 1940-1941. Stadttheater Freiberg, Saxony, 1949/50, a program of the Berlin Hebbel-Theater plus one copy of a Fredericus Rex pamphlet of the 1922 film directed by Arzén von Cserépy, the Hungarian screenwriter, film producer and director. Cserépy-Film was founded by Cserépy and merged with UFA in 1922. 29 Pamphlets
15. Eighty leaflets, 55 of them post W.W.II., some folded.
The leaflets are announcements of theater productions of Berlin theaters from the 1910s to the 1950s. The include three color announcements of the theater Am Gendarmenmarkt, Grosses Schauspielhaus under the direction of Max Reinhardt, and one color announcements from various Berlin theaters, including the Komische Oper, the Goethe-Bühne, the Theater "Folies Caprice, the Berliner Theater under the direction of Carl Meinhard and Rudolf Bernauer, illustrated, a school play of the Siemens Oberrealschule, Charlottenburg, the Theater am Kurfürstendamm, the Theater im Admiralspalast, the Deutsches Theater announcing Büchner's "Dantons Tod" directed by Max Reinhardt, 1917, two copies of the Verband der Freien Volksbühnen, two broadsides of the Theater am Nollendorfplatz, illustrated, a special print of the Städtische Oper Berlin announcing "Die Jüdin" by Scribe, a guest performance of the Grafenorter Festspielgemeinde Festspielgemeinde known as the Silesian Oberammergau, the Bavarian State Theater, Prinz-Regenten-Theater, the Theater at the Klosterstrasse, the Maria Hilfer Choir "Arminius," a beautifully illustrated announcement of the Komische Oper Berlin for the "Barber of Sevilla," a concert of the Philharmonic Orchestra Selmar Meyrowitz, the Schiller Theater, the German Opera House and finally two announcements bearing the NS insignia from the Deutsche Arbeitsfront NS=Gemeinschaft "Kraft und Freude" announcing a variety show and a second, more elaborate folded two color illustrated announcement of the Barber of Sevilla.
The fifty-five postwar leaflets are introduced by a gift card, an original drawing with beautiful penmanship, reading "Mitgliedschaft in der Volksbühne für Frl. Ursula Kordmann, Sämtl. Veranstaltungen (7 Schauspiele, 2 Opern, 1 Operette) für ein Jahr bezahlt der gute Onkel Erwin. Herzlichen Glückwunsch! Oma. Erwin." Membership for the Volksbühne.. All performances... for one year paid by the good uncle Erwin). The broadsides include various Max Reinhardt's Deutsches Theater announcements, e.g. "Furcht und Elend des Dritten Reiches" by Bertolt Brecht, the Hebbel Theater with Sartre's "The Flies," photo-illustrated announcements of the Lustspielhaus des Westens, the Schlosspark-Theater announcing Steinbeck's "Mice and Men," the Deutsche Staatsoper, the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, illustrated, a folded announcement of the Film-Bühne-Wien announcing the British Little Theatre Society presenting Shaw's "Pygmalion," Die Komödie at Kurfürstendamm, the Metropol Theater presenting Kästner's "Emil und die Detektive," the Shaw comedy "Helden" one of a few different performances at the Renaissance Theater, the Haus der Kultur der Sowjetunion in Berlin presenting a Tschaikowsky concert, and many others. Leaflets contain advertisements.
16. A typed 23 page manuscript of a short play by Kurt Finke, Die Seehandlungsmoritat, with stage directions and handwritten annotations. It premiered on the occasion of a company party of the Prussian State Bank in August 1935. g to vg. Item #43061