London: A. Millar, 1747. Third edition. Hardcover. Small folio. (xlvi) 632pp. [7 leaves of index]. Tan textured leather boards. Spine with gilt lettering over a black label and with raised bands. Marbled endpapers. 2 full page engraved plates. The book is a third edition of James Harrington's famous utopian treatise on government and economics, through exploration of an "ideal constitution", originally published in 1656. This edition includes some of his other writings, as well as biographical writings about the author himself, by John Toland. The work is dedicated to Oliver Cromwell. Contains various sections of in-text tables and lists as well as some differing type-fonts, including some which are quite large for dramatic effect. The Engraved plates depict a classically inspired monument of philosophers at the front and a visualization of the Venetian Ballot advocated by the Harrington, facing p.113. Binding with some rubbing to extremities and along edges. Some scratches and light smudges to the covers. Speckled edges. Book block loosening from boards, at the top of the spine. Starting at the gutter of interior covers. Minor sporadic foxing throughout. Small closed tears and/or creasing along the edges and/or to the corners of a few pages. Binding in good+, interior in overall very good condition. g+ to vg. Item #42852
John Toland (1670 – 1722) was an Irish-born rationalist philosopher, freethinker, and occasional satirist, who wrote numerous books and pamphlets on political philosophy and philosophy of religion, which are early expressions of the philosophy of the Age of Enlightenment.