Amstelodami (Amsterdam): Apud Henricum Westenium, 1692. First edition. Hardcover. Folio. , 384, pp (Index), , 397, pp. Original spotted calf with gold lettering and tooling on spine. Raised bands. All edges red. Marbled endpapers. Previous owner's sticker (Jose Maria de Mello*) on inside of front cover. Vignette on red and black lettered title page. Decorative initials. This remarkable work consists of a record of sentences given by the Inquisition of Toulouse (Southwestern France) between 1307 and 1328, and is preceded by an account of the origin and methods of the Inquisition. Van Limborch's "Liber Sententiarum Inquisitionis Tolosanae" is still considered important nowadays for its meticulous transcription of a manuscript by the Dominican inquisitor Bernard Gui long regarded as lost forever, but rediscovered in London (British Library, ms. Add. 4697). This volume is complete with its 10 striking engravings in 9 plates (including 4 folded). 2 of the plates are signed by Adriaan Schoonebeek**. Heavy rubbing along edges of binding. Hinges starting, but covers still attached. Moderate and sporadic foxing and age-toning throughout. Text in Latin. Binding in overall fair, interior in good+, plates in very good condition. Fair-Good. Item #38035
About the author: Philipp van Limborch (1633-1712) was professor of theology at the seminary of the remonstrants in Amsterdam. His most important work, "Institutiones theologiae christianae, ad praxin pietatis et promotionem pacis, christianae unice directae" (Amsterdam, 1686, 5th ed., 1735), is a full and clear exposition of the system of Simon Episcopius and Stephan Curcellaeus. The fourth edition (1715) included a posthumous "Relatio historica de origine et progressu controversiarum in foederato Belgio de praedestinatione." Limborch also wrote "De veritate religionis Christianae amica collatio cum erudito Judaeo" (Gouda, 1687) (the "Erudite Jew" in question was Isaac Orobio de Castro); "Historia Inquisitionis" (1692), in four books prefixed to the Liber Sententiarum Inquisitionis Tolosanae (1308–1323); "Commentarius in Acta Apostolorum et in Epistolas ad Romanos et ad Hebraeos" (Rotterdam, 1711). An English translation of the Theologia was published in 1702 by William Jones (A Complete System or Body of Divinity, both Speculative and Practical, founded on Scripture and Reason, London, 1702); and a translation of the Historia Inquisitionis, by Samuel Chandler, with a large introduction concerning the rise and progress of persecution and the real and pretended causes of it prefixed, appeared in 1731. See Herzog-Hauck, Realencyklopädie. Philipp van Limborch was a friend of John Locke.
* Jose Maria de Mello (1756-1818) was the son of Francisco de Mello, feral chief of the kingdom of Portugal. He entered the Congregation of the Oratory in 1777, and was chosen by Queen Maria I to be the Bishop of the Algarve in 1787. He hold this position until 1788, when he was appointed Chief Inquisitor and confessor of the sovereign after the death of archbishop Inácio de S. Caetano. Jose Maria de Mello has been accused of having a bad influence on the queen, advising her to follow a reactionary policy.
** Adriaan Schoonebeek (1661-1705) was a Dutch engraver, and cartographer. He studied engraving under Romeyn de Hooghe (1676-79). Schoonebeek taught etching to Peter the Great during his Great Embassy to Holland (1697) and was invited to Russia to work on commissions and train Russian artists (1698). He headed the engraving workshop at the Moscow Armoury.