NP: NP, ND. This striking collection of over 400 press photographs, 700 private photos and other memorabilia pertaining to the 1936 Berlin Olympics and to German Olympic medalist Katharina ("Käthe") Anna Krauß* contains the following:
- Press photos: Two folders with ca. 350 and 90 images, rarely seen in this quantity, many in large sizes with almost no duplications, among which are photos of the 1936 Olympic opening ceremony; Käthe Krauss at a reception with Goebbels; both runs of the 100-metre race; group photos with German Olympic participants and of Käthe Krauss with female sports comrades like Gisela Mauermeyer, world record holder in the pentathlon; a portrait of Rudolf Harbig (400-metre world record holder) with whom she was friends, also of the Women's World Games in London in 1934 and a few postwar photos. Other photographs depict John ("Jack") Edward Lovelock, a New Zealand athlete, and the Olympic champion in the 1500 metres; Ottilie ("Tilly") Fleischer, a German athlete who won the gold medal in the javelin; Hans Otto Woellke**, a German athlete who won the gold medal in the men's shot put competition; Ibolya Csák, a Hungarian athlete winner of the women's high jump; Dorothy Poynton, an American diver who won the gold medal in the 10 metre platform competition as well as the bronze medal in the 3 metre springboard event; A photograph of the first fight between Joe Louis and Max Schmeling which took place on June 19, 1936, at the famous Yankee Stadium in New York, New York; Sohn Kee-Chung, the first medal-winning Korean Olympian, when he won the gold medal in the marathon as a member of the Japanese delegation. He competed under the Japanese name Son Kitei, as Korea was part of the Japanese Empire at the time; Marjorie Gestring who won the gold medal in 3-meter springboard diving, etc.. The reverses are often inscribed, either typed or handwritten, with agency stampings like "Presse Illustrationen Hoffmann", "Das Sportbild von Schirner", "Weltbild", "Presse-Foto-Englert" or "New York Times" and "The Associated Press". Further, eight large format NS Sports images, matted, and a framed group image (sidebar missing).
- Private photos: One album from childhood and youth with ca. 120 photos, one album with ca. 90 private images, two albums covering sports in the NS-period with ca. 100 and 180 photos, an album from a 1935 holiday with 12 photos, an album with 36 house construction photos from 1937, an album with ca. 50 holiday and sports photos, an album from Sperlingslust training facility 1935 with ca. 45 photos as well as an album from a 1941 instructional course with ca. 35 photos. Also included are documents from her musical education and a framed "Preis-Zeugnis" (commendation) of the Royal Conservatory for Music and Theater in Dresden, dated 31 March 1930.
Captions in German. Photographs and documents in overall very good condition. Item #38007
* Katharina ("Käthe") Anna Krauß (1906-1970) was a German track and field athlete, who won 3 gold medals at the 1934 Women's World Games in London and a bronze medal in the 100 metres at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, where she was also on the German 4 × 100 m relay team. She won several German championships in various events and 2 silver medals and a gold medal in the 4 × 100 m relay at the 1938 European Athletics Championships in Vienna. Born in Dresden, Krauß was a member of Dresdner SC, where she was discovered and trained by the influential coach Woldemar Gerschler. She won the national women's title in the 100 metres from 1934 through 1938, in the 200 metres in 1932, 1934, and 1938 (in 1931 and 1933 she took second), and in the long jump and the pentathlon in 1937, and was on the national champion Dresdner SC 4 × 100 metre relay teams in 1932 and 1936. At the 1934 Women's World Games in London, she won gold medals in the 100 metres (11.9 s), the 200 metres (24.9 s), and the 4 × 100 metre relay (48.6 s), and the bronze medal in discus (39.875 m). At the women's 1938 European Athletics Championships in Vienna, she won silver medals in the 100 metres (12.0 s) and 200 metres (24.4 s) and a gold medal as part of the German 4 × 100 metre relay team (46.8 s). At the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin, at that time holding the German women's record for the 100 metres, Krauß won the bronze medal in that event with a time of 11.9 s. She was one of 3 Olympic medalists that year from Dresdner SC, the others being Rudolf Harbig and Luise Krüger. She was also on the German women's 4 × 100 m relay team that was in the lead but lost due to a dropped baton on the final leg; in the heats the German team had been faster than the Americans, the eventual winners, and beaten the world record with a time of 46.4 s; the American winning time in the final was half a second slower. As national 100-metre champion, Krauß was the fastest runner on the German team, but had run dead heats with Marie Dollinger. Along with the gold and silver medalists in the 1936 Olympic women's 100 metre event, Helen Stephens and Stanisława Walasiewicz, Krauß has been suspected of being intersex. After World War II, Krauß moved to Landau, where she coached and was active in senior athletics. The local athletics club awards a prize named for her. She died in Mannheim on January 9, 1970.
** Hans Otto Woellke (1911-1943) was a German athlete who mainly competed in the shot put, who won the gold medal in the men's shot put competition at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, Germany. Hans Woellke was in the Berlin Police force. During World War II, he was a Captain in the Security Police attached to a regiment in the Waffen SS. His grave can be found in the Minsk Cemetery. (Moscow Street, Grave 28, Row 22, West Side). He was killed by partisans on 22 March 1943 near Khatyn village which caused mass killing of inhabitants of Khatyn (149 people killed).