NP: NP, 1934–1936. First edition. Softcover. Various seizes and formats. Collection of some thirty ephemera and documents, including original photographs, relating to the German-British Youth Exchange in the mid 1930s. The exchange programs between Germany and England were initiated in 1934 and discontinued in 1939. This private collection contains pertinent periodicals, e.g. two bilingual copies of "Unser Lager - Our Camp," issues one and two. The issues contain English as well as German contributions which are not translated but stand on their own in each respective language, reports of participants, book reviews, and songs with lyrics and scores. Initiated by the German Jochen Benemann in conjunction with like minded English counterparts slowly building up the corresponding institutions. Stays in a camp lasted up to six weeks and were popular among the participants. The contributions express respect for the two great nations as much as willingness to cooperate but also state the differences between the two countries in surprisingly clear fashion. Both issues are illustrated with in-text b/w photographs of Youth Camp activities. The additional copy of "Deutsch-Englische Hefte - Anglo-German Journal" form 1936, issue four, also is bilingual in the same fashion and similar content illustrated with b/w photographs of youth activities during camps in England. A copy of the Southern Daily Echo from March 30, 1935 features a front page Youth-Camp article with photograph and a copy of the pamphlet "Anglo-German Camps," a collection of reports from three Youth-Camps in Germany (Hamburg, Thuringia, and Munich, all 1934) by Jochen Benemann, with in-text b/w photographs, published by the Anglo-American Bureau in London. Quoting from a printed letter of Barclay Baron: "The clear intention (of the Youth Camps) is that young Englishmen should not only get into friendly touch with young Germans, but should learn from them what are the ideas and ideals for which Nazi Germany claims to stand." This pamphlet contains an introduction by Jochen Benemann and the program for 1935 Youth Camps with one camp scheduled in England and three in Germany. A printed account of the 1935 Youth camp in Dorchester, at the invitation of the 5th Dorchester Troop Boy Scouts, completes the group of official publications.
The second group contains official correspondence with the Reichsjugendführung, Abteilung Ausland (Reichs Youth Leadership, Foreign Department), newspaper clippings from English and German newspapers on the subject, 11 original b/w photographs of Youth Camp activities, two typed "adventure" reports, one describing a visit at the Mayor of Bournmouth, the other a report of a typical day in a Youth Camp in Southern England, both typed with corrections, a set of seven mimeographed pages of German songs with heroic and nationalistic content, and entertaining, traditional English songs, a copy of a standard temporary admission certificate to the Deutsche Glaubensbewegung, a folkloristic oriented religious movement dismissive of Christianity, attempting to replace it with Aryan-Nordic ideas. The form is not filled out. The Deutsche Glaubensbewegung sought to establish itself as a religious organization equal to the major churches. It was infiltrated by the SS, who demanded a tougher stand against the Pope in Rome, and eventually taken over by the Nazis in 1936. and a mimeographed 4" x 8" flyer by supporters of the K.P.D. (Communist Party of Germany) agitating against Völkerbund (League of Nations) and the Hitler Government suggesting that "exploited workers" and the "deceived rural population" vote against the Hitler government.
In addition to the publications and official documents a third group contains typical guides, e.g. London subway, a prospectus of the Southampton Docks and Railway, a Dorchester Official Guide, menus, etc. A representative collection of some 30 documents covering the practical as well as the ideological structure of this bilateral program. g. Item #37692