Kaunas: S. Neumano (S. Neumann), 1920. First edition. Paperback. Octavo. 31, pp. Original printed wrappers. Stamp of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on title page. Published by the Jewish National Council of Lithuania, this scarce work compiles materials relating to the Lithuanian Jewish autonomy granted in 1920 by the Ministry for Jewish Affairs of the Lithuanian government. Lithuanian Jews took active part in the Lithuanian Wars of Independence, also known as the Freedom Struggles, referring to the three wars that Lithuania fought to defend its independence at the end of World War I: with Bolshevik forces (December 1918 - August 1919), the Bermontians* (June - December 1919), and Poland (August - November 1920). Altogether more than 3000 Jews served in the Lithuanian army between 1918 and 1920. As a result, the Jewish community was given a wide amount of autonomy in education and taxation through community councils, or kehillot. Unfortunately, by 1934, in a nationalist trend that reflected throughout Europe, the government scaled back much of this autonomy, and cases of anti-semitism increased. Wrappers sunned and partly chipped along back cover. Text in Lithuanian. Wrappers in overall fair, interior in good+ to very good condition. g+. Item #37618
* The Bermontians (or the West Russian Volunteer Army) was an army in the Baltic provinces of the former Russian Empire during the Russian Civil War of 1918–1920.