Firenze: Francesco Onofri, 1657. Second edition (In questa 2. ed. ricorretto da moltissimi errori). Hardcover. 24mo. , 256pp. Original full vellum, with contemporary hand-written title and decoration in ink on spine. Engraved vignette on title. Decorative initial. Illustrated with 28 in-text illustrations (mostly skulls), this work is a commentary on Hippocrates' "On Injuries of the Head"* by Bernardino Falcinelli, surgeon at the hospital of Santa Maria Nuova, in Florence, Italy. Spine cocked. Soiling and water-staining to binding. Previous owner's Ex-libris on inside of front cover (Antonio Bernardes de Oliveira). Pages rippled. Moderate to heavy water-staining throughout. Text in Italian. Binding in overall poor to fair, interior in fair condition. f. Item #18793
* Hippocrates' greatest contribution to ancient neurosurgery is his book "On Injuries of the Head," written around 400 BC. The book is a treatise on cranial anatomy and head trauma. Using the skills of observation, documentation, and examination, the author describes the anatomy of the skull, the different types of cranial trauma and fractures, the evaluation of the patient with head injury, and management, both operative and nonoperative. Hippocrates, like all ancient Greeks, was not a stranger to head trauma and its significance, given the numerous military conflicts that burdened ancient life. As reflected in the works of Homer, Herodotus, and Thucydides, it was recognized early that head wounds were especially dangerous and that when a head lesion was sufficiently significant, death was inevitable.